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The American Miscellaneous Society (AMSOC – 1952 to 1964) was an informal group made up of the leading lights of the US scientific community.[1] It was formed by Gordon Lill, of the Office of Naval Research, as an organization designed to collect various Earth science research ideas that were submitted by scientists to the U.S. Navy and did not fit into any particular category. Membership in AMSOC was open to everyone and so there was no official membership list. Prospective members could join whenever two or more members were together. The most famous project to come out of AMSOC was the Project Mohole, whose goal was to drill into the Earth's mantle. Hollis Hedberg of Gulf Oil Corporation chaired the AMSOC Mohole subcommittee from 1962-1963.[2] The society dissolved itself in 1964.[3]


  1. ^ The deepest hole we have ever dug, BBC, Mark Piesing, 6 May 2019
  2. ^ "Hollis Dow Hedberg (1903-1988)" (pdf). National Academy of Sciences Organization. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  3. ^ Van Keuren, David K. (2004). "6: Breaking New Ground—The Origins of Scientific Ocean Drilling". The Machine in Neptune's Garden: Historical Perspectives on Technology and the Marine Environment. Science History Publications. pp. 183–210. ISBN 0881353728. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  • Why the Mohole: Adventures in Inner Space, 1964, William J. Cromie, 230 pp.

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