The American International Church, currently located at the Whitefield Memorial Church on Tottenham Court Road in London, was established to cater for American expatriates resident in London. Organised in the American denominational tradition, the church was originally named the American Church in London but changed its name in 2013 to reflect that it caters to approximately 30 different nationalities.
|American International Church|
|Denomination||United Reformed Church|
|Years built||1756, rebuilt 1957|
Whitefield Memorial ChurchEdit
The first chapel on the site was built in 1756 for Evangelical preacher George Whitefield. It was enlarged in 1759. John Wesley preached a sermon "On the death of the Rev Mr George Whitefield" both there and at Whitefield's Tabernacle, Moorfields, in 1770.
The original chapel stood on the west side of Tottenham Court Road, between Tottenham Street and Howland Street, surrounded by fields and gardens. Its foundation stone was laid by Whitefield in June 1756, and it opened for its dedication service on 7 November of the same year. Its initial popularity led to plans being drawn up for enlargement, and these were quickly put into effect in 1759. Beneath the chapel, a vault was also prepared; it was Whitefield's hope that he could be interred here along with his wife Elizabeth and the two Wesleys, but he died and was buried in Newburyport, Massachusetts.
In 1890 the building was taken down and re-erected as Whitefield's Central Mission. In 1895 the coffins buried in the crypt (including Elizabeth Whitefield, but excluding the lead coffin of Augustus Toplady) were moved to Chingford Mount Cemetery in north London.
On Palm Sunday 1945 the church building was destroyed by the last V-2 rocket to fall on London. A new chapel was built in 1957, and the grounds became a public thoroughfare.
Since 1972 the chapel has been the home of the American International Church. It was offered to them by the United Reformed Church when they were forced to move from their building in North Audley Street in 1972. It also houses the London Chinese Lutheran Church.
The adjoining grounds have recently[when?] had a series of interpretive panels designed for them by Groundwork Camden, with funding from the Heritage Lottery Fund. These depict various scenes in the history of the chapel, Whitefield's links to Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, and the abolition of slavery as represented by Olaudah Equiano who was buried at Whitefield's Tabernacle.
During the Second World War, members of the U.S. military worshipped at the Anglican Grosvenor Chapel which was close to the American Embassy then on Grosvenor Square. After the war, the congregation grew from the ranks of State Department and Defense Department families while still relying on military chaplains for leadership.
In 1969, the church launched independent of that support and called the Rev. William Schotanus to be its first minister. After worshipping in several different church buildings, the American Church moved to the Whitefield Memorial Church in 1972.
- Who We Are. American International Church. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- American church re-named to reflect multiculturalism. Fitzrovia News, 4 October 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- The Soup Kitchen. American International Church. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- Wesley, John. "Sermon 53: On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield". General Board of Global Ministries. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- Schlenther, Boyd Stanley (2010) . "Whitefield, George (1714–1770)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29281. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- 'Tottenham Court Road (west side)', Survey of London: volume 21: The parish of St Pancras part 3: Tottenham Court Road & neighbourhood (1949), pp. 66–74.  Date accessed: 16 June 2010.
- American Church in London Archived 22 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 23 May 2014
- London Chinese Lutheran Church retrieved 23 May 2014
- "The Grosvenor Chapel - About". www.grosvenorchapel.org.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
- "Our History | American International Church". Retrieved 6 May 2020.