American Indian College Fund
The American Indian College Fund is a nonprofit organization that helps Native American students, providing them with support through scholarships and funding toward higher education. The Fund provides an average of 6,000 annual scholarships for American Indian students and also provides support for other needs at the tribal colleges ranging from capital support to cultural preservation activities. Charity Navigator gave the College Fund an overall rating of 88.36 out of 100.
The American Indian College Fund (the College Fund) was established in 1989 as a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization to provide American Indians with student scholarships. The College Fund also helps support tribal colleges and universities (TCUs) located on or near Indian reservations through capital grants and programs such as cultural and language preservation, early childhood education programs on-campus for children of students and community members; fellowships for faculty development; and college readiness, internship, career readiness, and leadership development programs.
Today American Indians account for only 1% of all college students, and 13.6% of American Indians over age 25 years old have a bachelor's degree compared to 29.3% of the overall population. Poverty is part of the reason so few American Indians and Alaska Natives go to college, with current data showing that 28.3% of the American Indian and Alaska Natives living below the poverty level compared to 15.5% of the overall population.
History and missionEdit
During the Civil Rights Acts and Native American self-determination movements in 1960s and 1970s, tribal leaders decided there was a need for change in failed federal education policy to improve education for American Indian students to serve their communities, leading to the creation of tribal colleges and universities (TCUs).
In 1968, the Navajo Nation created the first-of-its-kind educational institution—a college controlled by the tribe, located on the Navajo reservation, to provide a quality higher education to the surrounding community, known as a tribal college and university. TCU presidents established the College Fund in 1989 in New York City to raise private-sector funds for scholarships for American Indian students and to raise money for financial support for the tribal colleges, while broadening awareness of those institutions and the College Fund itself.
In 2015-16, the College Fund distributed more than $8.1 million in direct support to students, including scholarships, internships, leadership training, career readiness, and other programmatic support. Scholarship recipients are selected on the basis of academic success, financial need, community involvement, and commitment to their tribal communities. To date the College Fund has provided more than 100,000 scholarships since its inception and an average of 6,000 scholarships per year to American Indian students. The College Fund also helps support accredited tribal colleges with research and leadership grants, cultural preservation programs, early childhood education programs, and faculty development fellowships as well as with institutional funding.
The American Indian College Fund has received top ratings from independent charity evaluators. It earned the Best in America Seal of Excellence from America's Best Charities. Of the one million charities operating in the United States, fewer than 2,000 organizations have been awarded this seal. The College Fund meets the Standards for Charity Accountability of the Better Business Bureau's Wise Giving Alliance. The College Fund received a B+ rating from Charity Watch. The College Fund received a gold rating from GuideStar in 2017, a four-star rating from Charity Navigator for FY2016, and a three star rating for 2018.
Tribal colleges and universities (TCUs) are vital to Native Americans and are beneficial to the country as a whole. They help Native communities and students gain a valuable education and also preserve Native language, culture and traditions through language curriculum and American Indian studies.
Since the first tribal college was established in 1968, the number of tribal colleges and universities has grown to 37 in the United States in 2016.
According to the American Indian Higher Education Consortium, TCUs are chartered by their respective tribal governments, including the ten tribes within the largest reservations in the United States. They operate more than 75 campuses in 16 states—virtually covering Indian Country—and serve students from well more than 230 federally recognized Indian tribes. TCUs vary in enrollment (size), focus (liberal arts, sciences, workforce development/training), location (woodlands, desert, frozen tundra, rural reservation, urban), and student population (predominantly American Indian). Despite their diversity, tribal identity is the core of every TCU, and they all share the mission of tribal self-determination and service to their respective communities.
TCUs engage in partnerships with organizations including U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and universities nationwide to support research and education programs that focus on issues such as climate change, sustainable agriculture, water quality, wildlife population dynamics, and diabetes prevention. Many support distance learning involving state-of-the-art learning environments.
TCU faculty is engaged in research in many areas including hydrology, molecular cell biology, archaeology, entomology, community health, environmental science, aerospace engineering, and advanced manufacturing processes. The majority of faculty, teaching staff, and administrators hold a master's or doctoral degree. Many faculty and staff members often serve double-duty as counselors and mentors in addition to their teaching and administrative roles.
TCUs provide services to help students stay in school and complete their studies, such as personal and career counseling, mentoring, tutoring, wellness programs, child care, computer lending programs, and transportation and housing assistance. They also provide services to the wider community they serve and offer health centers, lending libraries, computer centers, and lifelong learning programs.
TCUs at a glance
- In 2016 there were 37 TCUs serving more than 17,000 Native students enrolled in academic programs;
- TCUs operate more than 75 campuses in 16 states and serve students from more than 230 federally recognized Indian tribes.
- TCUs must meet the same academic standards as other colleges and universities;
- Native culture and language are infused throughout curriculum;
- Non-Natives can also attend TCUs;
- TCUs are competitive. Leech Lake Tribal College was ranked by Washington Monthly as the seventh of "America's 50 Best Community Colleges" in 2010. It was one of two TCUs to earn this recognition.
- TCUs contribute to the economies of their communities. According to a report by the American Indian Higher Education Consortium in 2015, TCUs' economic impact was approximately equal to the creation of 28,778 jobs.
Public service announcementEdit
The American Indian College Fund has continued its partnership with Portland, Oregon-based advertising agency partner, Wieden+Kennedy for more than 20 years to educate the public through a series of public service announcements to show the difference a higher education makes in American Indian communities. In 2015 they launched a campaign called 1%, to bring attention to the fact that only 1% of college students in the United States are American Indians. The campaign consists of print and video public service announcements. Wieden+Kennedy is known for its award-winning work for clients such as Nike and Coca-Cola.
The College Fund's public service announcements have appeared in The New York Times Magazine, Harper's, U.S. News and World Report, Fortune, Sports Illustrated, Comcast, MSNBC, Discovery Networks, and National Geographic channel.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov.
- American Community Survey 2014, 1-Year Estimates, retrieved Jan. 7, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-18. Retrieved 2016-05-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- In 1981, the tribal college public law which was enacted in 1978 with some stiff opposition needed reauthorization and the responsibility for furthering it was vested with the U.S. House Subcommittee on Post-secondary Education then chaired by Paul Simon. A professional staffer with the subcommittee, Jan Crull, Jr. was given the task of shaping the reauthorization. For varied reasons, Crull was the first to propose the need for the establishment of an American Indian College Fund. This he did at a meeting with the tribal college presidents and many other tribal officials assembled at the then American Indian Bank in Washington, D.C. on July 21, 1981, two days before the Congressional hearing on the oversight of the Tribally Controlled Community Assistance Act. Paul Simon, chair. Subcommittee on Post-secondary Education of the Committee On Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives. Hearing: Oversight Hearing On Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act July 23, 1981. pp.: 161 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982