According to Fray Martin de Murua, a missionary in Peru, education in the Inca empire was instituted in schools called Yachaywasi or "Houses of Knowledge" in Cuzco. Students were children of the Inca nobility, the future rulers. The subjects were the moral standards, religion, government tenets, statistics, math, science, "Runa-Simi" language variety of Cuzco, Khipu interpretation, art, music construction, history, agronomy, architecture, medicine, philosophy and cosmological ideas of the earth and the universe, among other subjects.
The original Yachaywasi was constructed and inaugurated by Inca Roca. More schools like this were built as the empire grew, and were the centers of teaching the primary ideologies, histories and philosophies of the empire. The amautas maintained this knowledge through an oral tradition and passed it on to future generations.
- Quispe, Filemón (2008). La quena Mollo: supervivencia y persistencia de música y danza tradicional andina (in Spanish). Plural editores. p. 88. ISBN 9789995411473.
- Modelos pedagógicos latinoamericanos: de la Yachay Wasi Inca a Cuernavaca (in Spanish). Ediciones CEBIAE. 1994. p. 47.