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Sepahbod Amanollah Jahanbani (Persian: سپهبد امان‌الله جهانبانى‎; 1891 – February 1, 1974) was a member of the Qajar dynasty[1] and a senior general of Reza Shah Pahlavi.


Amanullah Jahanbani
Am Djanhanbani.jpg
Amanullah Jahanbani
Minister of War
In office
9 March 1942 – 9 August 1942
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Prime MinisterAli Soheili
Minister of Interior
In office
27 August 1941 – 9 March 1942
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Prime MinisterMohammad Ali Foroughi
Minister of Roads
In office
27 August 1941 – 9 March 1942
MonarchMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Prime MinisterMohammad Ali Foroughi
Member of the Iranian Senate
In office
19 August 1951 – 1 February 1974
Personal details
Born1891
Tehran, Iran
DiedFebruary 1, 1974(1974-02-01) (aged 83)
Robat Karim, Tehran, Iran
NationalityIranian
ChildrenMasoud Mirza, Hossein Mirza, Hamid Mirza, Nader, Majid, Parviz, Mahmoud, Khosrow
Military service
Allegiance Iran
Branch/serviceImperial Iranian Army
Years of service1902–1937
RankLieutenant general

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Jahanbani was born in 1895. He was the great grandson of Fath Ali Shah.[2] At the age of 10, Jahānbāni was sent to St. Petersburg for schooling, where he attended the Mihailovsky Artillery College and the Nikolaevsky War Academy.[3] He returned to Iran as a ranked military officer in World War I.

He furthermore served in the Persian Cossack Brigade and was a pivotal figure in the 1921 Persian coup d'état.[4]

CareerEdit

During a second trip, after completing his studies in Europe, Jahanbani became major general in the Armed Forces. He was appointed the chief of the staff with the rank of brigadier general at the beginning of the 1920s.[5] In 1928, he led the army in Balochistan attack to control the resistance.[6] His path of success continued until 1938, when he fell out of favor and was suddenly thrown into the Qasr prison by Reza Shah Pahlavi.[7] However, in 1941 he was interior minister.[8]

With Reza Shah's abdication during World War II, his political life saw some luck again and he was appointed to the Senate during the era of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi where he served during five consecutive periods.

Personal life and deathEdit

Jahanbani married twice. He had nine children. His first wife, Helen Kasminsky, bore him four children; Nader, Parviz, Khosrow, and Mehr Moneer. Nader became the deputy head of the Imperial Iranian Air Force, Parviz was an officer in the Imperial Iranian Marines, and Khosrow is the second husband of Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi. Amanullah is the father-in-law of Captain Nasrollah Amanpour, the uncle of CNN journalist Christiane Amanpour.[9]

Jahanbani died in 1974 at the age of 83.

Jahanbani wrote the book "Iranian Soldier: Meaning of Water and Soil" , the story of his life periods like, educating and serving. this book published in 2001 with efforts of his son Parviz Jahanbani. [10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Pahlavi Dynasty Royal Ark Retrieved 25 November 2013
  2. ^ "Centers of Power in Iran" (PDF). CIA. May 1972. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  3. ^ "The Qajar Dynasty (Jahanbani) GENEALOGY". Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  4. ^ "The Qajar Dynasty (Jahanbani) GENEALOGY". Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. ^ Stephanie Cronin (17 October 2006). Tribal Politics in Iran: Rural Conflict and the New State, 1921-1941. Routledge. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-134-13801-2. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  6. ^ Naseer Dashti (8 October 2012). The Baloch and Balochistan: A Historical Account from the Beginning to the Fall of the Baloch State. Trafford Publishing. p. 280. ISBN 978-1-4669-5897-5. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  7. ^ Ervand Abrahamian (1999). Tortured Confessions: Prisons and Public Recantations in Modern Iran. University of California Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-520-92290-7. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  8. ^ Mohammad Gholi Majd (2012). August 1941: The Anglo-Russian Occupation of Iran and Change of Shahs. University Press of America. p. 360. ISBN 978-0-7618-5940-6. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  9. ^ News Fars News
  10. ^ ""Iranian Soldier: Meaning of Water and ground"".

Other sourcesEdit

  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).