Alexey Pavlovich Okladnikov (Russian: Алексе́й Па́влович Окла́дников; 1908–1981) was a Soviet archaeologist, historian, and ethnographer, an expert in the ancient cultures of Siberia and the Pacific Basin. He was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1968, and awarded the honorary title of the Hero of Socialist Labor (1978).
Alexey Pavlovich Okladnikov
|Born||20 September 1908|
|Died||18 November 1981 (aged 73)|
|Known for||Expert in the ancient cultures of Siberia and the Pacific Basin|
|Awards||Hero of Socialist Labor (1978)|
|Fields||Archaeologist, historian, and ethnographer|
|Institutions||Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk|
|Influences||professor Bernard Petri|
In 1938–1961, Okladnikov worked in the Leningrad Division of the Archeology Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Since 1961 Head of the Division of Human Research of the Economics Institute, Siberian Division of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
Since 1966 Director of the Institute of History, Philology and Philosophy, Siberian Division of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
His works include research on ancient history of Siberia, Far East, Mongolia, and Middle East. He identified numerous cultures of the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Ages in Siberia and the Far East.
He excavated and studied remnants of Neanderthal culture in Teshik-Tash in Uzbekistan, Paleolithic remnants in Priamurye and Mongolia, as well as petroglyphs on the banks of the Lena River and the Angara River
In 1945, Okladnikov examined the remains of a Russian polar expedition base left in 1617 in the Faddey Islands off the north-eastern coast of the Taymyr Peninsula, where he also made other discoveries.
He is the author of the Summary on the History of Ancient Society and the Ancient Culture of Paleolitic and Neolithic Art, the History of Siberia, the Far East and the Far North.
The museum of Khabarovsk is named the "Okladnikov Museum" in his honour.
- The Soviet Far East in Antiquity: An Archaeological and Historical Study of the Maritime Region of the U.S.S.R. (1965)
- Окладников А.П. и др. "Древний Зашиверск", Москва, 1977
- Okladnikov, Alexei "Art of the Amur : Ancient Art of the Russian Far East", New York, 1982