Alexander (crater)

Alexander is a lunar impact crater-like feature in the rugged surface to the north of Mare Serenitatis. It lies to the south-southwest of the prominent crater Eudoxus, and to the east-northeast of Calippus. It was named after Alexander the Great.[2]

Alexander and closer structures with mineral postprocessing
Alexander
Alexander crater 4103 h2.jpg
Lunar Orbiter 4 image
(spots are blemishes on original image)
Coordinates40°18′N 13°30′E / 40.3°N 13.5°E / 40.3; 13.5Coordinates: 40°18′N 13°30′E / 40.3°N 13.5°E / 40.3; 13.5
Diameter95 km
Depth410 m [1]
Colongitude347° at sunrise
EponymAlexander the Great
Satellite craters of Alexander

The Alexander formation has been so heavily worn and distorted with the passage of time that it now resembles little more than a lowland region enclosed by rugged ranges. The rim segments lie along the northwest, west, and south sections of the crater, while the eastern side stands open to the surrounding surface. The surviving walls are nearly rectangular in form, with the most prominent mounts in the northwest.

The crater floor is more smooth and has a darker albedo in the western half, and gradually grows lighter and more impacted toward the east. There are no craters of significance within the perimeter of this formation, although there are tiny craterlets aplenty in the rougher eastern section.

Satellite cratersEdit

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Alexander.

Alexander Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 40.7° N 14.9° E 4 km
B 40.3° N 15.2° E 4 km
C 38.5° N 14.9° E 5 km
K 40.5° N 19.3° E 4 km

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Westfall, John E. (2000). Atlas of the Lunar Terminator. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511525162. ISBN 9780521590020.
  2. ^ "Alexander". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.