Aleksandra Boiko

Aleksandra Leontievna Boiko (Russian: Александра Леонтьевна Бойко; 20 May 1918 – 25 May 1996) was a tank commander in the Soviet Army active in the Eastern Front of the Second World War.

Aleksandra Boiko
Aleksandra Boiko.jpg
Native name
Александра Леонтьевна Бойко
Birth nameAlexandra Leontievna Morisheva
Born(1918-05-20)20 May 1918
Belebey, Bashkortostan
Died25 May 1996(1996-05-25) (aged 78)
AllegianceSoviet Union
Service/branchSoviet Army
Years of service1943–1945
RankJunior Lieutenant
Battles/warsEastern Front
AwardsOrder of the Patriotic War 1st class
Spouse(s)Ivan Fedorovich Boiko

BiographyEdit

Aleksandra Leontievna Morisheva was born on May 20, 1918, in Belebey, Bashkortostan, Soviet Union. She graduated from the Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design in 1938, and became employed as a chemist in a factory in Bashkortostan. Morisheva moved to Magadan, where she became an inspector in the Kolymsnab trust until February 1942.[1] Morisheva married Ivan Fedorovich Boiko.[2]

Along with her husband, Ivan Boiko, she raised 50,000 Soviet rubles from their savings to pay for the construction of a tank for the Soviet Army. As part of the effort, they appealed to be sent to the Eastern Front. A year later, she was appointed as a tank commander while holding the rank of Junior Lieutenant, and her husband was her engineer within the tank. The couple had both graduated from the accelerated programme at the Chelyabinsk Tank School. They first entered battle during the Riga Offensive in 1944, and it was reported that they had destroyed five tanks and two guns in two weeks. In August that year, she was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War first class.[1]

She went to Moscow in September that year, where she attended an anti-fascist rally and appeared on the back cover of the magazine Ogoniok.[1] Later, while fighting in the Baltics, both Boikos were injured and spent time in a hospital. They were released in time to celebrate Victory Day in Czechslovakia.[3] After she was demobilised, she returned to Magadan and ran a bakery before being elected to the City Council twice, in 1947 and 1953. She then moved to Apsheronsk, but was made an honorary citizen of Magadan on December 4, 1991. She died on May 25, 1996.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "БОЙКО АЛЕКСАНДРА ЛЕОНТЬЕВНА" (in Russian). МАГАДАН. Archived from the original on 25 July 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  2. ^ Luban, Leonid (January 1947). "Русские люди". Smena (147). Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  3. ^ "ИХ ВОДИЛА МОЛОДОСТЬ". Krasnaya Zvezda (in Russian). 5 March 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2018.