Alexander Grigoryevich Chervyakov (Aliaksandr Charviakou, Belarusian: Аляксандр Рыгоравіч Чарвякоў, Aliaksandr Ryhoravič Čarviakoŭ Russian: Александр Григорьевич Червяков, Aleksandr Grigor'evič Červjakov; 25 February 1892 - 16 June 1937) was a Soviet Politician and revolutionary and one of the founders who eventually became the leader of the Communist Party of Belorussia. Chervyakov also became the first chairman of the Belarusian Sovnarkom and in 1918 was appointed as a narkom of Belnatskom (Belarusian Nationality Committee) that was established in the Russian Narkomnat on Nationalities headed by Iosif Stalin.
Born at Dukhorka in 1892, he joined the Bolshevik Party in May 1917 and began to gain power quickly. He was appointed chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee of Minsk in 1920, and because of that position, was involved in the creation of the Soviet Union. He was elected as one of the first four Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR on 30 December 1922 when the union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed. He held that position until he committed suicide on 16 June 1937 in order to avoid Stalin's Great Purge.