Albertopolis is the nickname given to the area centred on Exhibition Road in London, named after Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria. It contains many educational and cultural sites. It is in South Kensington, split between the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster (the border running along Imperial College Road), and the area bordered by Cromwell Road to the south and Kensington Road to the north.
Institutions in and around Albertopolis include:
- Imperial College London
- Natural History Museum
- Royal Albert Hall
- Royal College of Art
- Royal College of Music
- Royal Geographical Society
- Royal Institute of Navigation
- Science Museum
- Victoria and Albert Museum
- Albert Memorial
The following were originally institutions in their own right:
- City & Guilds College, now Imperial College's Faculty of Engineering
- Geological Museum, now a subsidiary of the Natural History Museum
- Royal College of Science, now Imperial College's Faculty of Natural Sciences
- Royal School of Mines, now a part of Imperial College's Faculty of Engineering
Institutions formerly in Albertopolis include:
- Royal College of Organists, from 1904 to 1991.
- Royal School of Naval Architecture, from 1864 to 1873.
- Royal School of Needlework, from 1903 to 1987.
- Imperial Institute, later Commonwealth Institute, from 1893 to 1962.
More recent additions to Albertopolis include:
Following the advice of Prince Albert the area was purchased by the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 with the profits made from the Great Exhibition of 1851, which was held in a site in Hyde Park nearby to the north-east. This is commemorated in the name of the principal north–south street laid out on their estate, Exhibition Road.
Prince Albert was a driving force behind the Great Exhibition and President of the Royal Commission, and the name "Albertopolis" seems to have been coined in the 1850s to celebrate and somewhat satirise his role in Victorian cultural life. After his death the term fell into disuse, and the area was more widely referred to as South Kensington. It was revived by architectural historians in the 1960s and popularised by the nascent conservation movement to bring attention to the complex of public Victorian buildings and the surrounding houses built on the Commissioners' estate, that were threatened with demolition by the expansion and redevelopment plans of Imperial College. Among the buildings threatened was the Imperial Institute, designed by T. E. Collcutt.
There is a central axis between the Albert Memorial in Kensington Gardens to the north and the central portal of the south façade of the Natural History Museum. The Royal Albert Hall, Royal College of Music, the former tower of the otherwise-demolished Imperial Institute (now the Queen's Tower of Imperial College London) and the 1950s rear extension to the Science Museum are all aligned on this axis, which cannot be seen on the ground. This regular geometric alignment of Albertopolis can be observed readily only from the balconies of the Queen's Tower (very rarely open to visitors), although the northern part can be glimpsed from the top floor of the Science Museum.
The closest tube station is South Kensington, linked to the museums by the South Kensington Subway, a tiled tunnel beneath Exhibition Road constructed in 1885. The subway was originally intended to go as far as the Royal Albert Hall, but the construction of the Imperial Institute meant the tunnel emerged at the Science Museum where it exits onto Exhibition Road. Originally only opened during exhibitions in South Kensington, it was opened to the public free of charge in 1908. The subway is Grade II listed.
- "South Kensington From Above: 1856 – 1862". Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- Smith, Lydia (7 July 2016). "Prince Albert's cultural vision and the history of South Kensington: What is Albertopolis?". Royal Albert Hall.
- "Demolition of the institute and expansion of Imperial College". Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1392067)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
- Albertopolis online exhibition, from the Royal Institute of British Architects
- Architectural Tour of Exhibition Road and 'Albertopolis' from the Victoria and Albert Museum
- Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851
- Survey of London: volume 38: South Kensington Museums Area F. H. W. Sheppard (editor). Originally published by the Athlone Press for the Greater London Council, 1975. Available online as part of British History Online.
- Walking tour of Albertopolis Podcast, PDF and map.