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Alberta Provincial Highway No. 16X, commonly referred to as Highway 16X, is the designation of one former and three proposed routes off Highway 16 (Yellowhead Highway) in Alberta, Canada.[2] The former section was a 36 km (22 mi) east–west provincial highway in Edmonton Capital Region, that existed for approximately 20 years between the 1970s and 1997 and is now part of Highway 16.[3] Right of way is set aside around Hinton, Edson, and Lloydminster that is presently designated as Highway 16X.[4]

Highway 16X shield

Highway 16X
Route information
Length36 km[1] (22 mi)
Existed1970s–1997
Major junctions
West end Hwy 16 west of Stony Plain
  Hwy 60 near Acheson
East end Hwy 2 / Hwy 16 (170 Street) in Edmonton
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities
Parkland County
Major citiesEdmonton, Spruce Grove
Highway system
Provincial highways in Alberta
Hwy 16AHwy 17

Contents

HistoryEdit

In the 1970s, Highway 16 was a four-lane, divided highway that passed along the northern edge of Stony Plain, through Spruce Grove, and passed through Edmonton along Stony Plain Road, Mayfield Road, 111 Avenue, and 118 Avenue.[5] The need for a free-flow bypass was identified, however interchanges within Spruce Grove were deemed impractical.[citation needed] A bypass was built 3.2 km (2.0 mi) north of the existing highway. Construction began of a two-lane highway west out of Edmonton along 118 Avenue, with sections opening throughout the early 1980s until it reached Highway 16, approximately 4 km (2 mi) east of Highway 43.[6] Highway 16 was redesignated to follow Stony Plain Road, 170 Street, and Yellowhead Trail through Edmonton.[7] By 1988, Highway 16X was twinned and transitioned to being the preferred western entrance into Edmonton, while the Stony Plain Road section of Highway 16 was more focused on commuter traffic.[8] In 1990, in conjunction with Highway 16 assuming the Trans-Canada Highway route shield, Highway 16X also assumed the shield, an exception to the general practice in Alberta where suffixed routes are signed only with a standard Alberta highway shield.[9] For consistency, the main business and commuter route was renumbered to Highway 16A in 1997 and renamed as the Parkland Highway while the main tourist route became Highway 16.[3]

FutureEdit

Highway 16X is the designation of three proposed bypasses around Hinton, Edson, and Lloydminster. The province of Alberta has determined alignments for all three bypasses, coincidentally all would be on the south side of the present Highway 16 alignments.[4] The Hinton bypass, temporarily designated as 16X:02, would run between Highway 40 south and Drinnan Way, bypassing a 10 km (6 mi) section of Highway 16.[10][11] The bypass of Edson, designated as 16X:06, would run between 75 Street and the Edson Golf Course, bypassing 6 kilometres (4 mi) of Highway 16.[12][13] The Lloydminster bypass, designated as 16X:30, the only one presently being studied by Alberta Transportation,[14] would start near the hamlet of Blackfoot and intersect Highway 17 at the Alberta-Saskatchewan border, approximately 4.8 km (3.0 mi) south of the present Highway 16/17 intersection.[15] East of Highway 17, the bypass would be under Saskatchewan provincial jurisdiction. As of 2017, a planning study for the bypass had not been published by Saskatchewan.[16] Funding for the Alberta portion was not included in the 2016-2019 construction plan.[14]

Major intersectionsEdit

All exits are unnumbered.

Rural/specialized municipalityLocationkm[1]miDestinationsNotes
Parkland County0.00.0   Hwy 16 (TCH) west to Hwy 43 north – Jasper, Grande Prairie, Peace RiverContinuation west
  Hwy 16 (TCH) east – Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Edmonton City CentreEastbound exit, westbound entrance
10.56.5  Hwy 779 – Stony Plain, CalahooAt-grade; interchange constructed after renumbering[17]
Spruce Grove16.410.2  Hwy 788 (Calahoo Road)At-grade; intersection closed after renumbering[17]
18.111.2Century Road / Range Road 272Interchange
23.114.4  Hwy 794 north / Township Road 531A – Villeneuve, WestlockInterchange; present-day Hwy 44
Acheson26.116.2  Hwy 60 south (Devonian Way) / Range Road 263 – DevonInterchange
City of Edmonton31.019.3Winterburn Road (215 Street)At-grade; interchange constructed after renumbering[17]
32.920.4  Anthony Henday Drive (Hwy 216)Extension constructed after renumbering[17]
34.421.4184 StreetAt-grade; interchange constructed after renumbering[17]
36.022.4   170 Street (Hwy 2 south / Hwy 16 west) – Red Deer, Calgary, JasperInterchange
   Yellowhead Trail (Hwy 2 north / Hwy 16 east) – St. Albert, Peace River, LloydminsterContinuation east
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Google (January 19, 2017). "Former Highway 16X in Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
  2. ^ Provincial Highways Designation Order, Alberta Transportation, p. 10
  3. ^ a b "Highways 16 and 16X Renumbered to Provide Greater Consistency". Government of Alberta. June 4, 1997. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "2016 Provincial Highway 1-216 Progress Chart" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. March 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  5. ^ Travel Alberta. Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (1978-79 ed.). Government of Alberta. Edmonton inset.
  6. ^ Google (February 1, 2017). "Alberta Highway 16X" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  7. ^ Travel Alberta (1984). Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Government of Alberta. Edmonton inset.
  8. ^ Travel Alberta (1988). Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Government of Alberta. § I-5.
  9. ^ Alberta Economic Development and Tourism (1995). Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Government of Alberta. Spruce Grove & Edmonton inset.
  10. ^ "Province selects Hinton bypass route". Hinton Parklander. June 12, 2006. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  11. ^ Google (January 21, 2017). "Highway 16 through Hinton, Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  12. ^ Town of Edson (January 1, 2016). Municipal Development Plan (Bylaw 2172) (PDF) (Report). p. 69. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  13. ^ Google (January 21, 2017). "Highway 16 through Edson, Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  14. ^ a b "East Provincial Highway Projects". Alberta Transportation. Government of Alberta. July 22, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  15. ^ Google (January 21, 2017). "Highway 16X/17 intersection" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
  16. ^ "Planning Studies". Highways and Infrastructure. Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Transportation Infrastructure Management System - Existing Structures in the Provincial Highway Corridor" (PDF). Alberta Transportation. September 28, 2012. pp. 89–91. Retrieved November 22, 2016.