The term Alb-Leisa firstly means the Öko-Erzeugergemeinschaft Alb-Leisa (engl. "Eco-producer association Alb-Leisa"), secondly a trade name and thirdly traditional varieties of lentils from the Swabian Jura. "Leisa" means lentils in Swabian.
The Alb-Leisa was included in the Ark of Taste at Slow Food Deutschland in 2012. There are currently 70 small farms in this group. The marketing of Alb-Leise is done by Lauteracher Alb-Feld-Früchte, formerly known as Biohof Mammel. Especially in the region Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria, but also via webshops.
Until the 1950s, the Swabian Jura and its surroundings were the centre of lentil cultivation in Germany. After that there was no lentil cultivation in this region anymore, it had become uneconomical. In 1985 the Biohof Mammel in Lauterach started again with the cultivation of lentils. Demand rose slowly. From 2001 onwards, other organic farms were also interested in lentil cultivation. That is why the Öko-Erzeugergemeinschaft Alb-Leisa (Eco-producer association Alb-Leisa) was founded.
Renaissance of the Swabian lentil varietiesEdit
The traditional Swabian lentil varieties disappeared completely by 1985. There was no seed available at all. For this reason, the organic farm Mammel and later the producer's association cultivated the French Puy lentil. In 2006, in the gene bank of the Wawilow Institute in St. Petersburg the classic Swabian lentil varieties have been accidentally discovered and brought back to Germany. Since then they have been grown again on the Swabian Jura.
At present, three genotypes of these lentils are used in the Swabian Jura, which are protected by the producers' association under the name of Alb-Leisa. These are the classic Swabian varieties of lentils of the breeder Fritz Späth from Haigerloch: "Späths Alb-Leisa small", "Späths Alb-Leisa large" and "Späths Heller-Leisa".
- Slow Food Deutschland, Arche-Passagiere: Alb-Leisa
- Kraut, Eva; Genotypenscreening der historischen Alblinsen und ihre agronomische Eignung unter heutigen Anbaubedingungen, 2008, p. 1-2
- Regionales aus St. Petersburg: Ein schwäbisch-russisches Linsen-Märchen
- Website of the Erzeugergemeinschaft Alb-Leisa
- Regionales aus St. Petersburg: Ein schwäbisch-russisches Linsen-Märchen (bioland.de)
- "Die guten ins Töpfchen... Die Renaissance der "Alb-Linsen"" (in German). SWR2 Wissen. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
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