Alaskan Russian, known locally as Old Russian, is a dialect of Russian, influenced by Alutiiq, spoken by elderly people of mixed Russian–Alutiiq descent on Kodiak Island and in Ninilchik (Kenai Peninsula), Alaska. It has been isolated from other varieties of Russian for over a century.
|Region||Kodiak Island (Afognak), Ninilchik|
|Ethnicity||Creole (Kodiak and Ninilchik)|
|ca. 5 Kodiak (2016)|
|ELP||Kodiak Russian Creole|
Kodiak Russian was natively spoken on Afognak Strait until the Great Alaskan earthquake and tsunami of 1964. It is now moribund, spoken by only a handful of elderly people, and virtually undocumented.
- Michael Kraus (2016). "IPY-Documenting Alaskan and Neighboring Languages".
- Evgeny Golovko (2010) 143 Years after Russian America: the Russian language without Russians. Paper read at the 2010 Conference on Russian America, Sitka, August 20, 2010.
- Russian language's most isolated dialect found in Alaska. Russia Beyond, 2013 May 13.
- Ninilchik Russian (with dictionary)