The Alaska State House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower chamber in the United States. The House convenes at the State Capitol in Juneau.
Alaska House of Representatives
New session started
|January 19, 2021|
Length of term
|Authority||Article 2, Alaska Constitution|
|Salary||$50,400/year + per diem|
|Nonpartisan blanket primary / Instant-runoff voting|
(Beginning in 2022)
|November 3, 2020|
|November 8, 2022|
|Redistricting||Alaska Redistricting Board|
|House of Representatives chamber|
Alaska State Capitol
|Alaska House of Representatives|
Powers and processEdit
Members of the Alaska House of Representatives are responsible for a portion of the process of making and amending state law. The first step of the legislative process is filing a bill by giving it to the chief clerk of the Alaska House of Representatives. The chief clerk will then assign bills a number.
Bills are introduced and read the first time with the number, sponsor or sponsors, and the title of the bill and then referred to a committee(s). Committee chairs can choose whether or not hear a bill and committees can vote to approve a bill in its original form or make modifications through a committee substitute. Once bills or substitutes are approved, the legislation is referred to the next committee of assignment or to the Rules Committee, which can further amend the bill or assign it to the daily floor calendar.
Once a bill is scheduled on the floor, it appears on the calendar in Second Reading. The bill is again read by number, sponsor or sponsors, and title along with the standing committee reports. A motion is made on the floor to adopt any committee substitutes. Amendments can also be offered and voted on. Third Reading is where the motion is made to vote on the bill.
After final passage in the Alaska House of Representatives, a bill is engrossed and sent to the Alaska Senate to go through the same process of introduction, committee referral and three readings. Likewise, bills that have been approved on Third Reading in the Alaska Senate are engrossed and sent to the Alaska House of Representatives.
Enrollment or conferenceEdit
When a bill is not modified in the second house, it can be sent to the governor on Third Reading, through enrollment. If the bill is modified, the house of origin must vote to accept or reject amendments by the opposite house. A Fourth Reading, in the case of acceptance, will send the bill to the governor, through enrollment. If amendments are rejected, the bill can be sent to conference, where members of the Senate and House hash out a final version and send it to a Fourth Reading in both houses.
Governor and veto overrideEdit
The governor can choose to sign or veto the legislation. In the case of the veto, a two-thirds majority of a joint session can override the veto. An appropriations bill requires a three-fourths majority vote in a joint session to override a veto. If signed or approved by a veto override, the legislation becomes law.
Terms and qualificationsEdit
State representatives must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, and a resident of the district from which elected for one year immediately preceding filing for office. A state representative must be 21 years of age at the time the oath of office is taken. The Alaska House of Representatives may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the house.
Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubernatorial election. State representatives serve for terms of two years.
The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.
|Speaker of the House||Louise Stutes||Rep-Coalition||Kodiak Island||32|
|Majority Leader||Chris Tuck||Dem||Anchorage||23|
|Majority Whip||Matt Claman||Dem||Anchorage||21|
|Minority Leader||Cathy Tilton||Rep||Wasilla||12|
|Minority Whip||Laddie Shaw||Rep||Anchorage||26|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of 28th Legislature||26||4||10||0||40||0|
|Begin 29th Legislature (2015)||23||4||12||1||40||0|
|End of 29th (2016)||1||22|
|Begin 31st Legislature||15||8||15||2||40||0|
|Begin 32nd Legislature||20||1||15||4||40||0|
|February 15, 2021||19||2||15||4|
|February 16, 2021||18||1|
|February 17, 2021||1||14|
|March 19, 2021||15|
|April 29, 2022||17||2|
|Latest voting share||42.5%||5%||52.5%|
Past partisan compositions can be found on Political party strength in Alaska.
Current committees include:
- State Affairs
- Economic Development, Trade, Tourism, and the Arctic
- Committee on Committees
- Task Force on Sustainable Education
- Community & Regional Affairs
- Military & Veterans' Affairs
- Health & Social Services
- Labor & Commerce
- Education & Early Development
- Labor & Workforce Development
- Health & Social Services
- Military & Veterans' Affairs
- Natural Resources
- Public Safety
- Transportation & Public Facilities
- University Of Alaska
- Commerce, Community & Economic Dev
- Court System
- Environmental Conservation
- Fish & Game
- Fiscal Policy
Current members (32nd Alaska State Legislature)Edit
|3||Mike Prax||Rep||North Pole||2019↑|
|8||Kevin McCabe||Rep||Big Lake||2021|
|13||Ken McCarty||Rep||Eagle River||2021|
|14||Kelly Merrick||Rep-Coalition||Eagle River||2019|
↑: Representative was originally appointed
Past composition of the House of RepresentativesEdit
- Legislative Process, Alaska Legislature (accessed April 27, 2013)
- Alaska Handbook to State Government (accessed April 25, 2013)
- Article 2 of the Alaska Constitution, Lieutenant Governor's Office (accessed April 26, 2013)
- Media, Andrew Kitchenman, KTOO and Alaska Public (February 16, 2021). "Mostly Democratic majority forms in Alaska House, seeks to add Republicans". KTOO. Retrieved June 19, 2021.
- Republican Sara Rasmussen (District 22) leaves the Republican minority but also doesn't join the majority coalition. 
- Democrat Geran Tarr (District 19) leaves the majority coalition. [https://twitter.com/mattbuxton/status/1362243804787400704
- Democrat Geran Tarr (District 19) rejoins the majority coalition. 
- Republican David Eastman (District 10) expelled from the Republican caucus. 
- "Alaska House Committees". Open States. Sunlight Foundation. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- Not a member of the majority coalition or the minority caucus.
- Alaska Legislature
- Alaska House Republicans House Republicans website
- Alaska House Majority Coalition Majority Coalition website (Coalition of Democrats, Independents and Republicans)