Alan Gagloev

Alan Eduardovich Gagloev (Ossetian: Гаглойты Эдуарды фырт Алан, romanized: Gaglojty Edwardy fyrt Alan; Russian: Алан Эдуардович Гаглоев; born 6 February 1981), also transliterated as Gagloyev, is a South Ossetian politician and former intelligence officer, who is the current president of South Ossetia since 2022.[1][2] He is also the current chairman of the Nykhaz party since 2020.[3]

Alan Gagloev
Гаглойты Алан
Alan Gagloyev (from presidential website) (cropped).png
Gagloev in 2022
President of South Ossetia
Assumed office
24 May 2022
Prime MinisterGennady Bekoyev
Konstantin Dzhussoev
Preceded byAnatoly Bibilov
Chairman of Nykhaz
Assumed office
February 2020
Preceded byAlan Alborov
Personal details
Born (1981-02-06) 6 February 1981 (age 41)
Tskhinvali, South Ossetian AO, Georgian SSR, USSR
Political partyNykhaz
Children2
Alma materSouth Ossetian State University
OccupationPolitician

Early lifeEdit

Alan Gagloev was born on 6 February 1981, in Tskhinvali.[3] He graduated from the South Ossetian State University in 2002[3] and was hired by the Ministry of Economic Development of South Ossetia as the chief specialist of the department for supporting small and medium-sized businesses.[4]

He fought in the Russo-Georgian War in 2008.[3] During the war, Gagloev's family "suffered heavy losses".[5]

2017 presidential campaign and joining NykhazEdit

He ran unsuccessfully for president of South Ossetia in 2017, losing to Anatoly Bibilov.[6] After his loss, he announced the creation of his own political party, the Alan Union[a] in September 2017. However, in May 2018, the South Ossetian Ministry of Justice refused to register the party. In January 2019, the Alan Union and the other party "New Ossetia" merged with the party Nykhaz. Gagloev went on to be elected chairman of Nykhaz in February 2020.[3]

2022 presidential campaignEdit

Gagloev ran for president a second time in the 2022 election. On 10 April 2022, he won the first round with 36.9% of the vote, passing incumbent president Anatoly Bibilov.[7] Prior to the run-off, Gagloev received endorsements from the three candidates eliminated in the first round, Alexandr Pliyev, Garri Muldarov, and Dmitry Tasoyev, heading into the runoff against Bibilov.[8] Bibilov had been endorsed by United Russia, the ruling party of Russia.[9]

Gagloev defeated Bibilov in the run-off with 56.08% of the vote on 8 May 2022.[1] Bibilov admitted defeat in the elections, congratulated Gagloev and wished him "successful work for the good of the people".[10]

PresidencyEdit

Following his election, he was sworn in as the new president on 24 May 2022.[11] Domestically, Gagloev said the main issue of his presidency would be taking steps to improve the economy.[12]

Relations with RussiaEdit

Gagloev was seen by observers as being less supportive of holding a referendum to join Russia, saying that Russia was "still busy with other issues," in reference to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[13][14] The Kremlin Press Secretary Dmitry Peskov further stated on 24 May that in regards to the referendum, "No steps are being taken or planned by the Russian side connected with this."[12] On 30 May 2022, he suspended the referendum called by his predecessor Bibilov until consultations with Russia are complete.[15]

On 12 August 2022, Gagloev dismissed defense minister Vladimir Pukhaev due to an incident on 23 July 2022, which involved masked servicemen of the defense minister assaulting civilians in various locations throughout the region.[16] Gagloev would assert his "supreme authority" over the armed forces after these events.[17] This is after his predecessor had allowed parts of the South Ossetian military to be under the authority of the Russian army, as well as a large desertion by South Ossetians in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[18][19]

Relations with GeorgiaEdit

While still campaigning, Gagloev visited the Akhalgori Municipality, which has a substantial Georgian population, and urged support for allowing residents to travel to Georgia more freely. This had previously not been possible without medical documentation, and was further complicated by the COVID-19 pandemic. After assuming office, Gagloev received criticism from Russian news anchor Sergey Karnaukhov for dismissing the referendum to join Russia as well as supporting easier travel to Georgia, accusing him of being an American and Georgian asset.[20] The governments of both Georgia and South Ossetia denied these claims. Beginning in August 2022, South Ossetia announced it would open checkpoints with Georgia from the 20th to the 30th of each month.[21]

Personal lifeEdit

Gagloev is married and has two children.[4]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Russian: Аланский союз

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Бибилов признал поражение во втором туре выборов президента Южной Осетии". РИА Новости (in Russian). 8 May 2022. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Непростой кандидат". Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Alan Gagloyev: Candidate for President of South Ossetia. Elections 2022". IA Res (in Russian). 20 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b Узел, Кавказский. "Гаглоев Алан Эдуардович". Кавказский Узел. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  5. ^ "🎥 Alan Gagloev is not an agent of Georgia and the USA – Tskhinvali". pia.ge. 3 June 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  6. ^ "On the New "President" of South Ossetia". Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  7. ^ "Opposition Candidate Takes Lead in First Round of S. Ossetia Polls". Civil.ge. 14 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Reports: Runoff Expected in S. Ossetia". Civil.ge. 10 April 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  9. ^ "Russian ruling party endorsed Bibilov for re-election in separatist Tskhinvali". Caucasus Watch. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  10. ^ "Поздравляю Алана Гаглоева с победой – Бибилов". 15-Й РЕГИОН (in Russian). 8 May 2022. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  11. ^ Joshua Kucera (24 May 2022). "New South Ossetian leader takes office". EurasiaNet. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  12. ^ a b Joshua Kucera (24 May 2022). "New South Ossetian leader takes office". EurasiaNet. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  13. ^ "Opposition leader wins first round in South Ossetia presidential poll". OC Media. 11 April 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Tskhinvali Leadership Hopeful Shows Cautious Stance on Annexation". Civil.ge. 9 April 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  15. ^ Reuters (30 May 2022). "Georgian breakaway territory suspends announced referendum on joining Russia – decree". Reuters. Retrieved 30 May 2022.
  16. ^ "Tskhinvali Leader Dismisses Defense Head". Civil.ge. 12 August 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  17. ^ "Алан Гаглоев: «Никому не позволено нарушать закон»" (in Russian).
  18. ^ "Putin approves army deal with Georgia's South Ossetia". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  19. ^ Ball, Tom. "Deserting South Ossetian troops hitchhike home in 'mass mutiny'". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  20. ^ "Controversy as Russian Anchor Claims Gagloev Serves Georgian, U.S. Interests". Civil.ge. 6 June 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  21. ^ "South Ossetia to partially reopen crossing points for Akhalgori Georgians". OC Media. 18 August 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022.


Party political offices
Preceded by
Alab Alborov
Chairman of Nykhaz
2020–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by President of South Ossetia
2022–present
Incumbent