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Al-Zawra'a Sport Club (Arabic: نادي الزوراء الرياضي‎) is an Iraqi sports club based in Utayfia, Karkh District, West Districts of the Tigris River, Baghdad. Their football team compete in the Iraqi Premier League, the top-flight of Iraqi football. Al-Zawra'a are considered to be one of the biggest clubs in Iraq having won 14 league titles, more than any other Iraqi team, and having never been relegated. They won their 14th title in the 2017–18 season, coupling that triumph with victory in the Iraqi Super Cup earlier that campaign.

Al-Zawra'a SC
Al-Zawraa Club Logo.png
Full nameAl-Zawra'a Sport Club
Nickname(s)Al-Nawaris (The Gulls)
Founded29 June 1969; 50 years ago (1969) as Al-Muwasalat
GroundAl-Shaab Stadium,[1] Baghdad, Iraq
Capacity34,000[1]
PresidentFalah Hassan
ManagerHakeem Shaker
LeagueIraqi Premier League
2017–18Iraqi Premier League, 1st
Current season

They have won the league unbeaten on a record four occasions and also hold the record for the most Iraq FA Cups (with 15), the joint-record for the most Iraqi Elite Cups (with three) and the record for the most Iraqi Super Cups (with four). They are one of only two teams to have won all four of the aforementioned trophies in the same season (the 1999–2000 season), and they hold the joint-record for most consecutive league matches undefeated in Iraq (39 matches, from 1993 to 1994).

However, Al-Zawra'a have not been able to replicate their domestic dominance on the continental stage and have not achieved any major continental honours. Their best continental achievements include finishing fourth at the 1996–97 Asian Club Championship and finishing as runners-up of the 1999–2000 Asian Cup Winners' Cup where they lost the final to Japanese club Shimizu S-Pulse. Since the AFC Champions League was formed in 2002, Al-Zawra'a have never advanced past the group stages of the tournament, although they have reached the knockout rounds of the AFC Cup three times and the round of 16 at the Arab Club Champions Cup twice. The team's home color is white, thus the nickname Al-Nawaris, which means The Gulls.

Contents

HistoryEdit

1969–1974: Three promotions in five yearsEdit

Al-Zawra'a were founded on 29 June 1969 as Al-Muwasalat, which means 'Transportation'. Al-Muwasalat participated in the Iraqi fourth division in the 1969–70 season. In the 1970–71 season, they won the fourth division and were promoted to the third division. The 1971–72 season saw the establishment of 'Al-Muwasalat B' (the club's B team) who joined the fourth division, and in their first season they were promoted to the third division, beating Al-Shabab 2–1. On 16 November 1972, the club was renamed to Al-Zawra'a. The 1972–73 season saw both Al-Zawra'a and Al-Zawra'a B competing in the third division without success. In the 1973–74 season, Al-Zawra'a B won the third division title, securing promotion to the second division. As they were the club's B team, the A and B teams merged back together, and the club competed in the second division in the 1974–75 season. Al-Zawra'a won the second division title that season under Rasheed Radhi's leadership, being promoted into the Iraqi National League for the first time in their history for the 1975–76 season.

1974–1980: First league and cup titlesEdit

A club named Al-Naqil (meaning 'Transport') were the runners-up of the 1974–75 Iraqi National League, but after the season they had no administration and financial backing so Al-Naqil folded. Al-Naqil's players, who were just one point away from winning the 1974–75 Iraqi National League, thus joined fellow Ministry of Transport team and newly promoted side Al-Zawra'a. This meant that Al-Zawra'a became one of the strongest clubs in Iraq right from their first season in the top-flight of Iraqi football, which was the 1975–76 season. Al-Zawra'a managed to win the league title in their very first season, finishing five points ahead from runners-up Al-Tayaran (now called Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya), who would soon become Al-Zawra'a's biggest rivals. They also won the Iraq FA Cup that season, thrashing Al-Baladiyat 5–0 in the final, to secure the double.

In the 1976–77 Iraqi National League, Al-Zawra'a managed to retain their title, winning the league undefeated with a record of nine wins and two draws. The 1977–78 season saw Al-Zawra'a finish as runners-up in the league for the first time, ending up two points behind champions Al-Mina'a, meanwhile in the 1977–78 Iraq FA Cup, Al-Zawra'a were knocked out in the quarter-final meaning they had their first trophyless season since their promotion to the top-flight. The 1978–79 Iraqi National League saw Al-Zawra'a win the league undefeated again, winning seven and drawing five, and they also won the Iraq FA Cup with a 3–1 win against Al-Jaish to secure their second double. Al-Zawra'a were very close to winning the league in the 1979–80 season as well; if they had defeated Al-Shabab in their last league game, they would have won the league, but they drew 1–1 and handed the title to Baghdad rivals Al-Shorta, finishing behind them on goal difference. They also failed to win the Iraq FA Cup that season, losing the semi-final to Al-Talaba.

1980–1990: League struggles but cup successEdit

The 1980s was the worst decade in the history of Al-Zawra'a as they failed to win a single league title. The decade started with the 1980–81 Iraqi National League where Al-Zawra'a finished in a lowly seventh, however they did win their third Iraq FA Cup by beating Al-Talaba 1–0 in the final. They finished fifth in 1981–82 but once again won the Iraq FA Cup, beating Al-Talaba 2–1 this time. In 1982–83, Al-Zawra'a finished seventh again, and they ended up fifth in 1983–84, although they managed to win the Al-Intisar Cup that season and also reached the final of the Al-Qadsia Championship, losing to Al-Jaish after Saad Abdul-Hamid missed a penalty. The 1984–85 season was cancelled with Al-Zawra'a in eighth position, and the 1985–86 season was one of the worst in Al-Zawra'a's history as they finished in ninth, just one point away from the relegation playoff, although they did win their second Al-Intisar Cup. They finished in seventh in 1986–87 and fifth in 1987–88, and lost the 1987–88 Iraq FA Cup final on penalties to Al-Rasheed. Al-Zawra'a improved in the 1988–89 season as they finished fourth in the league and won the Iraq FA Cup for the fifth time, and they also participated in, and won, the first ever ACC Club Championship (organised by the Arab Cooperation Council). They did exactly the same in the following season finishing fourth again, winning the Iraq FA Cup again and winning the ACC Club Championship again. Their cup win qualified them to the 1990 Arab Club Champions Cup but the tournament eventually got abandoned; Al-Zawra'a played two games in the preliminary round of the tournament, drawing the first and winning the second.

1990–2001: Domination of Iraqi footballEdit

The 1990s was a much better decade for Al-Zawra'a. They were crowned champions of Iraq for the fourth time in 1990–91 and also won yet another Iraq FA Cup to secure another double. Al-Zawra'a finished as runners-up in the 1991–92 Iraqi National League and were knocked out of the 1991–92 Iraq FA Cup at the round of 32 stage, but they did win the first ever edition of the Iraqi Elite Cup that season by defeating rivals Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya in the final. The 1992–93 Iraqi National League saw Al-Zawra'a finish as runners-up again, but they won another Iraq FA Cup by beating Al-Talaba.

The next three seasons were three of the best in Al-Zawra'a's history; they won three consecutive doubles in 1993–94, 1994–95 and 1995–96. They also participated in their first ever AFC tournaments, being knocked out in the first round of the 1993–94 Asian Cup Winners' Cup and the second round of the 1995 Asian Club Championship. Al-Zawra'a did not win any trophies in the 1996–97 season as their rivals Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya won all four domestic trophies. However, they did reach the furthest they ever reached in the Asian Club Championship in 1996–97 as they reached the semi-finals. They lost the semi-final and also lost the third place match to finish in fourth in Asia's main tournament. In 1997–98, Al-Zawra'a were in with a chance of winning the league on the final day but ended up finishing third after drawing their final match to Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya 1–1. However, they did manage to win the Iraq FA Cup again (which saw manager Anwar Jassam win his record fifth FA Cup), and followed that up by winning their first Iraqi Super Cup with a 1–0 win over league champions Al-Shorta. In the 1997–98 Asian Club Championship, Al-Zawra'a reached the second round before being knocked out.

The following two seasons (1998–99 and 1999–2000) brought even more success to Al-Zawra'a as they continued their domination of Iraqi football. They won the double in both seasons, and also won the Iraqi Elite Cup, Iraqi Super Cup, Al-Quds International Championship and Al-Sha'ab Friendship Tournament across the two campaigns. They also reached the final of the 1999–2000 Asian Cup Winners' Cup, the furthest that they have ever reached in a major continental competition, but lost 1–0 to Shimizu S-Pulse, a club from Japan. As champions, Al-Zawra'a qualified for the 2000–01 Asian Club Championship but were knocked out in the first round. Al-Zawra'a won their third consecutive league title in 2000–01 and also won the Iraqi Super Cup, but they lost the 2000 Iraqi Elite Cup final 1–0 to Al-Shorta.

2001–present: Ups and downs after the warEdit

In the 2001–02 Iraqi Elite League, Al-Zawra'a finished in a disappointing fourth place, and reached the second round of the 2001–02 Asian Club Championship as well as losing the final of the Baghdad Cup. They disappointed again in the following season, finishing in fourth for the second consecutive time, and losing to Al-Sadd in 2002–03 AFC Champions League qualification. The 2003–04 Iraqi Premier League was not completed, but the Iraqi Elite Cup was, and Al-Zawra'a won the tournament for the third and final time. In the 2003–04 Arab Champions League, Al-Zawra'a were knocked out at the round of 16, but they did manage to win the 2004 Tishreen Cup by beating Al-Talaba in the final. Al-Zawra'a yet again finished in fourth position in the 2004–05 Iraqi Premier League and were knocked out at the group stage of the 2005 AFC Champions League as well as losing the final of the 2005 edition of the Damascus International Championship to Al-Talaba. In the 2005–06 season, Al-Zawra'a secured their 11th league title by defeating Al-Najaf via a penalty shootout after a goalless draw, but in the 2005–06 Arab Champions League they were comfortably defeated over two legs by MC Algiers in the round of 16. The next four seasons (2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09 and 2009–10) saw Al-Zawra'a finish in eighth, second, seventh and third respectively. Meanwhile, in this time period they also played in two AFC competitions: the 2007 AFC Champions League (knocked out in the group stage) and the 2009 AFC Cup (knocked out in the round of 16 by Erbil).

In 2010–11, they returned to the top of Iraqi football by winning their 12th league title after a penalty shootout win over Erbil. This qualified them to the 2012 AFC Cup but they were again knocked out in the round of 16. The 2011–12 Iraqi Elite League saw them make their worst defence of a title in their history as they finished in eighth position, behind Al-Shorta. The 2012–13 Iraqi Elite League saw them move up to fourth, and they were also knocked out of the 2012–13 Iraq FA Cup by Al-Talaba at the round of 32 stage. In 2013–14 they fell back down to sixth and they dropped back down to eighth in 2014–15, although they did win a friendly cup called the Baghdad Cup. They managed to recover from these disappointing seasons in the 2015–16 campaign and won the league title without losing a single league match, finishing ahead of runners-up Naft Al-Wasat in what was their 13th league title. They also reached the final of the 2015–16 Iraq FA Cup but were defeated 2–0 by fierce rivals Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya, missing out on the chance to win their 15th Iraq FA Cup title. Their manager in this season, Basim Qasim, resigned from the club following the title-winning campaign and decided to manage Al-Zawra'a's biggest rivals, Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya, in the 2016–17 season. Al-Zawra'a finished fourth in the 2016–17 Iraqi Premier League, but won the 2016–17 Iraq FA Cup, extending their record to a staggering 15 cup titles. This qualified them for the Iraqi Super Cup, which they won by defeating league champions Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya 3–0 on penalties after a 1–1 draw. They went on to couple that victory with the 2017–18 Iraqi Premier League title, extending their record to 14 league triumphs.

StadiumEdit

Al-Zawra'a currently do not have a stadium. Their old stadium, Al-Zawra'a Stadium, has been demolished to make way for New Al-Zawra'a Stadium which is currently under construction. Al-Zawra'a play all their derby matches against Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya, Al-Shorta and Al-Talaba at Al-Sha'ab Stadium in order to accommodate more spectators.

SupportersEdit

Ultras The Kings is the name of the ultras group of Al-Zawra'a fans. The group was founded in response to the foundations and successes of the Ultras Green Harp (Al-Shorta) and Ultras Blue Hawks (Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya) groups. The ultras group use flares, banners and flags in order to create a good atmosphere during matches.

SquadEdit

As of 3 March 2019 [2]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Haider Mohammed
2   DF Mustafa Mohammed
3   DF Hussein Jwayed
4   DF Mohammed Abdul-Zahra
5   MF Safaa Hadi
6   MF Mohammed Ridha Jalil
7   MF Ahmad Fadhel
8   FW Mohannad Abdul-Raheem
9   FW Alaa Abbas
10   MF Ahmed Mohsin Ashour
11   MF Ahmed Jalal
12   GK Jalal Hassan
14   DF Najm Shwan
No. Position Player
15   FW Omar Mansouri
16   DF Samal Saeed
17   FW Jabbar Kareem
18   FW Mustafa Jawda
19   MF Haider Ahmed
20   GK Alaa Gatea
24   Ali Mohsin
25   MF Ali Raheem
29   DF Abbas Qasim
33   DF Hussein Hakeem
35   Bahaa Aldin Jamel
77   FW Ameer Sabah

Notable playersEdit

For a list of all Al-Zawra'a players, see List of Al-Zawraa players'

RivalriesEdit

Al-Zawra'a's main rivals are Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya, with whom they contest the Iraqi El Clasico. They are also rivals with Al-Shorta and Al-Talaba.

ManagersEdit

As of 18 July 2019
Name From To Record
G W D L Win %
  Radhi Shenaishel 13 August 2007 1 September 2008 13 8 2 3 061.54
  Yahya Alwan 2008 2009 19 8 6 5 042.11
  Radhi Shenaishel 8 September 2010 16 August 2011 27 19 6 2 070.37
  Yahya Alwan 2011 2012 13 6 4 3 046.15
  Radhi Shenaishel 26 March 2012 3 February 2014 62 28 18 16 045.16
  Emad Mohammed 6 October 2014 30 June 2015 22 9 5 8 040.91
  Basim Qasim 21 July 2015 9 June 2016 31 20 9 2 064.52
  Thair Ahmed 14 June 2016 1 November 2016 6 2 2 2 033.33
  Essam Hamad 3 November 2016 22 August 2017 44 27 12 5 061.36
  Ayoub Odisho 23 August 2017 22 February 2019 62 39 20 3 062.90
  Hakeem Shaker 25 February 2019 present 27 11 9 7 040.74

OverviewEdit

Dates Name[3]
1969–1973   Abdul-Wahab Khalaf
1973–1974   Dawud Al-Azzawi
1974–1975   Rasheed Radhi
1975–1977   Saadi Salih
1977–1978   Kadhim Al-Rubaie
1978–1985   Anwar Jassam
1985–1986   Wathiq Naji
1986–1991   Falah Hassan
1991   Ali Kadhim
1991–1992   Ammo Baba
1992   Nawar Hussein
1992–1993   Anwar Jassam
1993   Abdul-Amir Naji
1993–1994   Ammo Baba
1994–1995   Kadhim Khalaf
1995   Hadi Mutanish
1995–1996   Adnan Hamad
1996–1997   Ammo Baba
1997–1998   Anwar Jassam
Dates Name
1998   Adnan Hamad
1998–1999   Amer Jamil
1999–2001   Adnan Hamad
2001   Ibrahim Ali
2001   Sabah Abdul-Jalil
2001   Rasheed Radhi
2001–2002   Adnan Hamad
2002   Kadhim Khalaf
2002   Saad Abdul-Hamed
2002   Akram Salman
2002–2003   Ahmed Radhi
2003   Salam Hashim
2004   Adnan Hamad
2004   Hadi Mutanish
2004   Basim Qasim
2005   Mohammed Hussein Nasrallah
2005–2007   Salih Radhi
2007   Karim Saddam
2007–2008   Radhi Shenaishil
Dates Name
2008   Kadhim Khalaf
2008–2009   Yahya Alwan
2009   Hazem Jassam
2009–2010   Haidar Mahmoud
  Essam Hamad
2010–2011   Radhi Shenaishil
2011   Karim Saddam
2011   Yahya Alwan
2011–2014   Radhi Shenaishil
2014   Jamal Ali
2014–2015   Emad Mohammed
2015–2016   Basim Qasim
2016   Thair Ahmed
2016–2017   Essam Hamad
2017–2019   Ayoub Odisho
2019   Bassim Luaibi(Caretaker)
2019–   Hakim Shaker

HonoursEdit

DomesticEdit

NationalEdit

Winners (14): 1975–76, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1990–91, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2005–06, 2010–11, 2015–16, 2017–18
Winners (1): 1974–75
Winners (15): 1975–76, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2016–17
Winners (3): 1991, 1999, 2003
Winners (4): 1998, 1999, 2000, 2017

RegionalEdit

  • Iraqi Central Third Division
Winners (1): 1973–74
  • Iraqi Central Fourth Division
Winners (1): 1970–71

FriendlyEdit

  • Al-Intisar Cup
Winners (2): 1984, 1986
Winners (1): 2015
  • Al-Zawraa Championship
Winners (1): 2004

InternationalEdit

FriendlyEdit

  • Arab Cooperation Council Championship
Winners (2): 1989,[4] 1990[5]
  • Tishreen Cup
Winners (1): 2004
  • Al-Quds International Championship
Winners (1): 2000[6]
  • Al-Shaab Friendship Tournament
Winners (1): 1999[7]

StatisticsEdit

Recent seasonsEdit

As of 14 July 2018

The season-by-season performance of the club in the Iraqi Premier League and Iraq FA Cup over the recent years:[8]

Season Position P W D L F A GD Pts Cup
2000–01 1 30 23 1 6 80 24 56 70
2001–02 4 38 22 8 8 70 30 40 74 QF
2002–03 4 19 11 6 2 36 13 26 39 R32
2003–04(1)
2004–05 4 23 14 8 1 53 13 40 50
2005–06 1 19 13 6 0 41 10 31 45
2006–07 8 13 4 7 2 17 11 6 19
2007–08 2 30 15 8 7 24 18 18 53
2008–09 7 24 9 9 6 30 24 6 36
2009–10 3 42 24 7 11 49 33 16 79
2010–11 1 27 19 6 2 45 15 30 63
2011–12 8 38 15 11 12 54 35 19 56
2012–13 4 34 18 11 5 61 29 32 65 R32
2013–14 6 22 9 6 7 31 25 6 33
2014–15 8 24 10 5 9 26 29 -3 35
2015–16 1 24 15 9 0 37 15 22 54 RU
2016–17 4 36 21 9 6 67 28 39 72 W
2017–18 1 38 26 10 2 66 26 40 88

Rank = Rank in the league; P = Played; W = Win; D = Draw; L = Loss; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GD = Goal difference; Pts = Points; Cup = Iraq FA Cup.
in = Still in competition; — = Not attended; 1R = 1st round; 2R = 2nd round; 3R = 3rd round; R16 = Round of sixteen; QF = Quarterfinals; SF = Semifinals.

1 The league was abandoned midway through.

In international competitionsEdit

As of 21 May 2019
Competition Record
G W D L Win %
AFC Champions League 41 19 9 13 046.34
Asian Cup Winners' Cup 8 5 1 2 062.50
AFC Cup 26 12 8 6 046.15
Arab Champions League 14 4 4 6 028.57
Total 89 40 20 29 044.94

Performance in AFC competitionsEdit

2003: Third qualifying round
2005: Group stage
2007: Group stage
2019: Group stage
2009: Round of 16
2012: Round of 16
2017: Zonal semi-final
2018: Group stage

Asian Club ChampionshipEdit

1996: Second Round
1997: 4th place
1998: Second Round
2001: First Round
2002: Second Round

Asian Cup Winners CupEdit

1993/94: First Round
1999/00: Finalist

Individual honoursEdit

2009 FIFA Confederations Cup

The following players have played in the FIFA Confederations Cup whilst playing for Al-Zawra'a:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Al Zawra'a SC". Soccerway. Global Sports Media. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Al-Zawraa Coaches
  4. ^ 1989 results - NIIIIS.com
  5. ^ 1990 results - NIIIIS.com
  6. ^ Al-Quds International Championship - RSSSF.com
  7. ^ Third Al Sha'ab Friendship Tournament 1999 (Sharjah) - RSSSF.com
  8. ^ Weltfussballarchiv - List of Iraqi Premier League Champions

[2] [3]

External linksEdit