Al-Zaura (also spelt as Al-Zawra) was a newspaper published in Baghdad by the then Ottoman Governor of Iraq Midhat Pasha in 1869. It was the official newspaper of the then Ottoman Province of Baghdad and the first newspaper to be published in Iraq. It was published in Arabic and Turkish languages.[1][2][3][4] It was a biweekly newspaper published every Tuesday and Saturday. It was started after a personal effort by Midhat Pasha who brought a printing press from Paris. It was shut down in 1917 after Ottoman Rule came to an end in Iraq and the British gained control of Iraq over 2607 issues had been published.[5]

Al-Zaura, No. 426, March 14, 1874 WDL9960.pdf
Founder(s)Midhat Pasha
Founded15 June 1869
LanguageArabic and Turkish
Ceased publication13 March 1917


  1. ^ George Makdisi (1965). Arabic and Islamic Studies in Honor of Hamilton A. R. Gibb. Brill Archive. pp. 336–. GGKEY:05UHXH4ZWZN. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  2. ^ Union européenne des arabisants et islamisants. Congress (1995). Actas, XVI Congreso UEAI. Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional. ISBN 978-84-00-07498-2. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  3. ^ Muḥsin Jāsim Mūsawī (27 June 2006). Reading Iraq: Culture and Power in Conflict. I.B.Tauris. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-84511-070-3. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  4. ^ John A. Haywood (1972). Modern Arabic literature, 1800-1970: an introduction, with extracts in translation. St. Martin's Press. p. 67. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Title: Al Zaura". World Digital Library. Retrieved 18 June 2013.