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The title al-Qāʾim Āl Muḥammad (Arabic: قائم آل محمد‎, "the one who rises of the family of Muḥammad"), also al-Qāʾim bi ʾl-sayf ("the one who rises with the sword") or al-Qāʾim bi-amr Allāh ("the one who carries out the order of God"), is given to a messiah-like figure in the eschatology of Shia Islam, sometimes equated with the Mahdi. The term first came into use in the eighth century to refer to a future member of the family of Muḥammad who would rise up and defeat the wicked rulers of the age and restore justice.[1]

According to some Imāmī ḥadīths, every imām is the qāʾim of his age (al-qāʾim ahl zamānihi). The twelfth and last imām, who is in occultation and will return, is commonly known as Muḥammad al-Qāʾim.[1]

Believers in Babism and the Bahá'í Faith both consider the Báb (1819–1850) to have been the Qāʾim.

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  1. ^ a b Madelung, W. (1978). "Ḳāʾim Āl Muḥammad". In van Donzel, E.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch. & Bosworth, C. E. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume IV: Iran–Kha. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 456–57. ISBN 90-04-05745-5.