Al-Kashkari (Arabic: الكسكري‎; born 322 AH/c. 934 CE in Kashkar - died 414 AH/1023 CE in Fushanj)[1] was a hospital physician from Baghdad.[2]

In diagnosing mental disorder, al-Kashkari used criteria such the temperament of the patient as indicators to ascertain the nature of the mental disorder: sluggishness and forgetfulness point to a cold temperament, which requires a different treatment from a warm one, which is revealed through insomnia.[3]


  1. ^ Al-Dhahabi (1983). سير أعلام النبلاء (in Arabic). مؤسسة الرسالة. p. 293.
  2. ^ Pormann, Peter E.; Savage-Smith, Emilie (2007). Medieval Islamic Medicine. Edinburgh University Press. p. 54. ISBN 0-7486-2066-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ Meri, Josef W.; Bacharach, Jere L. (2006). Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 496. ISBN 0-415-96691-4.

Further readingEdit

  • Pormann, Peter E (2003). "Theory and Practice in the Early Hospitals in Baghdad — Al-Kaškarī On Rabies and Melancholy". Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften. 15: 197–248.