Al-Fath ibn Khaqan (al-Andalus)

Abū Naṣr al-Fatḥ ibn Muḥammad ibn Ubayd Allāh ibn Khāqān ibn Abdallah al-Qaysī al-Ishbīlī (أبو نصر الفتح بن محمد بن عبيد الله بن خاقان بن عبد الله القيسي الإشبيلي) [1] (d . 1134), known as al-Fath ibn Khaqan, was a popular anthologist of al-Andalus.

Al-Fatḥ ibn Khāqān al-Ishbīlī al-Andalusī
Died1134 (529 A.H.) or 1160 (555 A.H.)
Cause of deathassassination
Other namesAl-Fatḥ ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Ubayd Allāh ibn Khāqān, Abū Naṣr al-Qaysī al-Ishbīlī
Academic background
Academic work
EraAlmoravid era
Main interestsanthologist of poetry and history
Notable worksMaṭmaḥ al-anfus wa-masraḥ al-taʼannus fī mulaḥ ahl al-Andalus; Qalā'id al-'Iqyān


Born in Seville, al-Andalus (now Spain), he received an elite education and travelled widely across al-Andalus. Described as a 'libertine' and yet he was appointed secretary to the Almoravid governor of Granada Abū Yūsuf Tāshfīn ibn ‘Alī; a post he abandoned almost immediately to travel to Morocco in the Maghreb where sometime later he was murdered in his Marrakesh hotel, it was rumoured, on the orders of the sultan.[2]


  • Qalā'id al-'Iqyān (قلائد العقيان) ‘Collars of Gold’ or 'Necklace of Rubies'; akhbar (traditions) of poets of the Maghreb and al-Andalus, who were his contemporaries with examples of their poems.[3][4]
  • Maṭmaḥ al-anfus wa-masraḥ al-taʼannus fī mulaḥ ahl al-Andalus (مطمح الأنفس ومسرح التأنس في ملح أهل الأندلس) (Kābir, Wāsiṭ, Saghīr  – Large, Medium, Small) 'The Aspiration of the Souls and the Theater of Congeniality in the Anecdotes of the People of al-Andalus';[5] History of the ministers, scribes and poets of al-Andalus.

These two works are written in rhymed prose full of metaphorical expressions and are an excellent source of information about the apogee of Andalusian letters.




  1. ^ "al-Qaysi" refers to the Banu Qays tribe; "al-Ishbili" means "from Seville"
  2. ^ Ben Cheneb & Pellat 1965, p. 838.
  3. ^ Al-Fatḥ ibn Khāqān, Abū Naṣr al-Qaysī al-Ishbīlī (2007). Qalā'id al-'Iqyān (in Arabic). Cairo.
  4. ^ Qalaid al-Iqyan ed., Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur, 1990, ISBN 978-9973-12-145-5
  5. ^ Al-Fatḥ ibn Khāqān, Abū Naṣr al-Qaysī al-Ishbīlī (1983). Maṭmaḥ al-anfus wa-masraḥ al-taʼannus fī mulaḥ ahl al-Andalus. Beirut: Shar Suriyya.
  6. ^ Khallikān (Ibn) 1843, pp. 455–6, II.
  7. ^ Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Diyha al-Kalbī 1954.


Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

  • Literary Excerpts on Art and Architecture in Andalusia, compiled and translated by Cynthia Robinson, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton [1]