Open main menu

Al-Fadhl ibn Muhammad al-Shaddadi (also al-Fadl ibn Muhammad, Fadl ibn Muhammad, Fadlun ibn Muhammad, Fadhlun ibn Muhammad, or Fadl I was the Shaddadid emir of Arran from 985 to 1031. Of Kurdish origin, al-Fadhl was called "Fadhlun the Kurd" by ibn al-Athir and other Arabic historians. Al-Fadhl was the first Shaddadid emir to issue coinage, locating his mint first at Partav (Barda'a) and was later transferred to Ganja.

Fadl ibn Muhammad
PredecessorMarzuban ibn Muhammad
SuccessorAbu'l-Fath Musa

Built a bridge across the Araxes with the intent to raid the Rawadids.[1] According to ibn al-Athir, al-Fadhl led an expedition against the Khazars around 1030.[1] The Khazars reportedly killed 10,000 of his soldiers. Since the Khazar Khaganate had been destroyed in 969, it is unclear whether these Khazars were from a successor state or kingdom located in the Caucasus, were subjects of a Kipchak or Pecheneg ruler, or whether ibn al-Athir was mistaken or was using "Khazars" as a generic term for steppe people.

Al-Fadhl died in 1031 and was succeeded by his son Abu'l-Fath Musa.


  1. ^ a b C.E. Bosworth, "Shaddadids", The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol.IX, Ed. C.E.Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P.Heinrichs and G.Lecomte, (Brill, 1997), 169.


  • C.E Bosworth. "Arran". Encyclopaedia Iranica
  • Douglas M. Dunlop. The History of the Jewish Khazars, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1954.
  • Minorsky, Vladimir (1977) [1953]. Studies in Caucasian History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-05735-3.
  • Peacock, Andrew (2011). "SHADDADIDS". Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition.
Preceded by
Shaddadid emir of Ganja
Succeeded by
Abu'l-Fath Musa