Akerselva or Akerselven (English: Aker River[1][2]) is a river which flows through Oslo. It starts at Maridalsvannet in Oslomarka, and traverses the boroughs of Nordre Aker, Sagene, Grünerløkka, central Oslo and Grønland, whereby it finally ends at Paulsenkaien and Oset in Bjørvika. The river is considered to be a part of the Nordmarkvassdraget, and has the Norwegian watercourse number 006.Z. The entire river is about 8.2 kilometres (5.1 mi) long, and has a difference in elevation between source and mouth of approximately 149 metres (489 ft).

Akerselva
Akerselven
Akerselva Møllerfossene 18jun2005.jpg
"Møllerfossene" in Akerselva
Location
CountryNorway
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationMaridalsvannet
 • elevation149 m (489 ft)
Mouth 
 • location
Paulsenkaien, Oslofjorden
 • elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length8.2 km (5.1 mi)

In the past, the river was utilized as a source of energy for local industry, and along the river there are many old industrial buildings.

In the 1970s, the river was heavily contaminated after 150 years of industrial and sewage discharge. In the 1980s, a local initiative to limit emissions and revive the flora and fauna of the river began.[3]

Akerselva has largely been rehabilitated is now "Oslo’s green lung" and along the bank of the entire river from Grønland to Maridalsvannet there are park areas. Salmon run and spawn in the upper part of the river.

Early in March 2011, Oslo's water and wastewater department accidentally discharged 6,000 litres (1,600 US gal) of chlorine into the river near its headwaters, rendering the river virtually dead as of 11 March 2011. According to Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, the discharge occurred at the water treatment plant Oset.[4]

NameEdit

 
A regulated shore at the bend of Akerselva in Kjelsås

The first element is the genitive case of Aker, the name of the old farm and churchsite that has named several places in Oslo. The last element is the finite form of the noun elv ('river').

The river is considered to be the border between the eastern and the western part of Oslo.[citation needed] In the eastern part people treat the word elv as a feminine noun, so they say elva ('the river'). The westside dialect is influenced by Danish (considered a more appropriate language during the union with Denmark)[citation needed], where the feminine and masculine genders have merged into a common gender inflected like Norwegian masculine nouns. Therefore, people in the western part often treat elv as a masculine noun, causing them to say elven ('the river').

The Old Norse name of the river was Frysja, and this old name has been revived as the name of a neighborhood along the river. The name is probably derived from the verb frusa 'froth', referring to the many waterfalls in the river.

GeologyEdit

Akerselva flows from Maridalsvannet north of the city to Bjørvika, 9.8 km further down. The fall is 149 meters. The entire river course is in the construction zone, while the precipitation field is in Nordmarka.

The rocks in the ground below the river are syenite (northern market) and hornfels from Bjølsen and northwards, while the ground south of Bjølsen is mainly clay slate and tuber lime. Syenite and hornfels are hard rocks that are hard to decompose. The river is located in the geological Oslo field, where subsidence areas are formed by stretches in the earth's crust, blocks are separated and middle parts sink in, allowing for rivers to cut down. The softer rocks further south hard formed the basis for brickwork on Myraløkka and Øvre Foss (Våghalsen), which in the 1840s was the country's largest, and large slides in the river, hence the street name Leirfallsgata at the bottom of Grünerløkka. In Øvre Foss lies a slab of solidified volcanic melt that has come up in a crack, which is tougher and harder than lime and slate and a reason why the waterfall is here. Up in Nydalen, there are steep erosion cliffs that are part of the Grefsen moraine. The river has cut its way through thick masses of gravel, sand and clay that formed in front of the inland ice that receded about 9800 years ago (the Akert Step). At the largest bathtub at Stilla and at the gutters between the grasslands at Brekkedammen, there is visible syenite (circular swab) with clear scouring strips from the glacier. At Nedre Foss there is visible tuber lime, black clay slate and limestone (orthocer lime).

About 10,000 years ago, the sea rose 220 meters higher than today, about 9300 years ago the sea was 150 meters so that the Maridal waters were separated from the fjord and the Akerselva was born. , 6,000 years ago was the waterline at Myraløkka and 3,000 years ago at Cuba.

WaterfallsEdit

The 20 waterfalls are, from above:

  • Kjelsås fall
  • Brekkefossen
  • Nydalsfossen, also called Nygårdsfossen
  • Gullhaugfossen, at Gullhaug square
  • Bjølsenfossen (two falls, fall height 16 meters), at Treschow's bridge
  • Lilleborgfossen, fall height 3 meters
  • Hjulafossen, below the Vøyen Bridge, which together with the Våghalsen form the Vøyen Falls
  • Daredevil, below the Beyer Bridge
  • Upper Waterfall, also called the Seilduksfossen
  • Nedre Foss, several falls, at the silo in Cuba

A lot of stone has been used in river banks and bridges: At the Vaterland Park, a rocky mountain of gray Østfold granite from Hvaler has been recreated, the same has been used in the bridges in Hausmann's bridge. Both Nybrua, Ankerbrua and Sannerbrua besides the millstone on Beyerbrua are in light, coarse-grained syenite.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rasch, Tone & Ingebjørg Eidhammer. 2014. Learning through Fashion: The Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology. In Marie Riegels Melchior & Birgitta Svensson (eds.), Fashion and Museums: Theory and Practice, pp. 168–179. London: Bloomsbury, p. 168.
  2. ^ Prideaux, Sue. 2007. Edvard Munch: Behind the Scream. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 19.
  3. ^ "Off the beaten path in Oslo: Akerselva river". Fjord Travel Norway. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  4. ^ Akerselva død etter giftutslipp Archived 18 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine - NRK 8. mars 2011.

Coordinates: 59°54′N 10°45′E / 59.900°N 10.750°E / 59.900; 10.750