The Airco DH.16 was a British four-seat commercial biplane of the 1910s designed by Geoffrey de Havilland, the chief designer at Airco.

DH.16 of Aircraft Transport & Travel
Role commercial biplane
Manufacturer Airco
First flight 1919
Introduction 1919
Retired 1923
Primary user Aircraft Transport and Travel
Number built 9

Design and development edit

The DH.16 was a redesigned Airco DH.9A with a wider fuselage, accommodating an enclosed cabin seating four passengers, plus the pilot in an open cockpit. In March 1919, the prototype first flew at Hendon Aerodrome. Nine aircraft were built, all but one being delivered to Aircraft Transport & Travel Limited (AT&T). AT&T used the first aircraft for pleasure flying, then on 25 August 1919 it inaugurated a London-to-Paris service.[1] One aircraft was sold to the River Plate Aviation Company in Argentina, to operate a cross-river service between Buenos Aires and Montevideo.[1]

AT&T operated the London (Hounslow Heath Aerodrome)-to-Paris service, plus a Croydon Airport-to-Amsterdam service on behalf of KLM. On 17 May 1920, an AT&T DH.16 (G-EALU) flew the first KLM service between London and Amsterdam.[1] In December 1920, AT&T closed down, and the surviving seven aircraft were stored. Two were later used for newspaper delivery flights, and the other five were scrapped. On 10 January 1923, one of the two newspaper delivery aircraft suffered a fatal crash, and DH.16s were withdrawn and scrapped.[2]

Variants edit

The first six aircraft were powered by a 320 hp (239 kW) Rolls-Royce Eagle inline piston engine; the last three aircraft were fitted with the more powerful 450 hp (336 kW) Napier Lion engine.

Operators edit

  • River Plate Aviation Company – one former AT&T aircraft from 1920.
  United Kingdom
  • Aircraft Transport and Travel Limited – all nine DH.16s operated from 1919 to 1922.
  • De Havilland Aeroplane Hire Service – two former AT&T aircraft from 1922 to 1923.

Specifications (DH.16 with Napier Lion engine) edit

Three-view of Airco DH.16 with Rolls-Royce Eagle engine from Flight, 2 October 1919.

Data from De Havilland Aircraft since 1909 [3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: Four passengers[4]
  • Length: 31 ft 9 in (9.68 m)
  • Wingspan: 46 ft 5+78 in (14.170 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 4 in (3.45 m)
  • Wing area: 489+34 sq ft (45.50 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3,155 lb (1,431 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,750 lb (2,155 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Napier Lion 12-cylinder water-cooled W-block aircraft piston engine, 450 hp (340 kW)
  • Propellers: 4-bladed wood fixed pitch propeller


  • Maximum speed: 136 mph (219 km/h, 118 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 100 mph (160 km/h, 87 kn)
  • Range: 425 mi (684 km, 369 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (5.1 m/s)

See also edit

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ a b c Jackson 1973, p.62.
  2. ^ Jackson 1987, p.156.
  3. ^ Jackson 1987, pp. 156–157.
  4. ^ Jackson 1987, p. 154.

Bibliography edit

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing.
  • Jackson, A.J. (1973). British Civil Aircraft since 1919. Vol. 2. London: Putnam. ISBN 978-0370100104.
  • Jackson, A.J. (1987). De Havilland Aircraft since 1909 (Third ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 978-0851778020.
  • Hirschauer, Louis; Dollfus, Charles, eds. (1920). L'Année Aéronautique: 1919-1920. Paris: Dunod. p. 35.

External links edit

  • Conquest of the Air (1936 documentary) includes a brief sequence of G-EACT (G-K-130) of Aircraft Transport & Travel Ltd.