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Aḥmad al-Wafī (proper name: Abadullāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl, Arabic: عبد اللّه بن محمد بن إسماعيل‎; born 766-828 CE/149-212 AH in Salamiyah, Syria; Imamate 809-828 CE/193-212 AH) alias ʿAbdallāh ibn Maymūn Al-Qaddāḥ[1][2] is the eighth Isma'ili Imam. He was the son and successor of the seventh Imam, Muhammad ibn Isma'il. [3] He was called al-Wafi "true to his word".

Ahmad al-Wafi
Ismailcalli.png
Titleal-Azbab al-Itlaq (Absolute lord), al-Wafi
Other namesAbadullah ibn Muhammad
Personal
Born
Abadullah

179 AH
(approximately 795/796)
Died212 AH
(approximately 827/828)
Resting placeSalamiyah, Syria
ReligionIslam
ChildrenMuhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah)
Parents
Other namesAbadullah ibn Muhammad
Senior posting
Initiation212 AH
PostEighth Isma'ili Imam

As the Imam, he was the supreme spiritual leader of the Ismaili community from his appointment until his death. The Nizari and Mustaali trace their Imamate lines from him and his descendants who founded the Fatimid Caliphate. For protection against his real Imam position, he was known as "Attar" (due to his profession in drug and medicine). He was succeeded by his son, Muhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah).[4] With the death of Ja'far al-Sadiq in 765 (148 AH), Isma'il in 775 (158 AH) and Muhammad in 813 (197 AH), the Isma'ili Imams were impelled to hide; this first occultation lasted from 813-882 (197-268 AH).[5]

The eighth to tenth Ismaili Imams were hidden from the public because of threats from the Abbasid Caliphate and were known by their nicknames. However, the Dawoodi Bohra in their religious text, Taqqarub, claim to have the true names of all 21 imams in sequence including the "hidden" imams: the eighth Imam Abdullah ibn Mohammad (Ahmad al-Wafi), the ninth Imam Ahmed ibn Abadullah (Muhammad at-Taqi), and the tenth Imam Husain ibn Ahmed (Radi Abdullah).[6]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Daftary, Farhad (1990). The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge University Press. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-521-42974-0.
  2. ^ "Encyclopædia Iranica, ʿAbdallāh bin Maymūn Al-Qaddāḥ". Archived from the original on 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  3. ^ Tabari, 3rd vol., p. 2218
  4. ^ WAFI AHMAD (197-212/813-828)
  5. ^ Achilles des Souza, "Mediation in Islam - an Investigation" (Rome, 1975, p. 35)
  6. ^ Makarem, Sami. "The Hidden Imams of the Ismailis". Quarterly Journal of the American University of Beirut. 21.
Ahmad al-Wafi
of the Ahl al-Bayt
Clan of the Quraish
Born: 149 AH 766 AD Died: 212 AH 828 AD
Shia Islam titles
Preceded by
Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl ash-Shākir
8th Imam of Ismailism Succeeded by
Ahmad (al-Taqī Muhammad)