Aga of Kish

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Aga is listed on the Sumerian King List as the last king in the first Dynasty of Kish.[1]

Aga is mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh as having besieged Uruk. He appears also in the earlier Sumerian text of Gilgames and Akka, where he is referred to as Akka.[2] The Gilgamesh epic, the Sumerian King List, and the Tummal Inscription[3] all call him the son of En-me-barage-si, a king who has been verified through archaeological inscription. Because Aga has been confirmed as historical, one may surmise Gilgamesh was also historical.


  1. ^ Thorkild Jacobsen, The Sumerian King List (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939), pp. 84f
  2. ^ George, Andrew (1999). The epic of Gilgamesh: the Babylonian epic poem and other texts in Akkadian and Sumerian. London: Allen Lane Penguin Press. ISBN 978-0-7139-9196-3.
  3. ^ "ETCSLtranslation : t.2.1.3; The history of the Tummal". Retrieved 2008-04-22.

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Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Sumer
c. 2600 BC or legendary
Succeeded by
Gilgamesh of Uruk
Ensi of Kish
c. 2600 BC or legendary
Succeeded by