In mathematics, an affine Hecke algebra is the algebra associated to an affine Weyl group, and can be used to prove Macdonald's constant term conjecture for Macdonald polynomials.



Let   be a Euclidean space of a finite dimension and   an affine root system on  . An affine Hecke algebra is a certain associative algebra that deforms the group algebra   of the Weyl group   of   (the affine Weyl group). It is usually denoted by  , where   is multiplicity function that plays the role of deformation parameter. For   the affine Hecke algebra   indeed reduces to  .



Ivan Cherednik introduced generalizations of affine Hecke algebras, the so-called double affine Hecke algebra (usually referred to as DAHA). Using this he was able to give a proof of Macdonald's constant term conjecture for Macdonald polynomials (building on work of Eric Opdam). Another main inspiration for Cherednik to consider the double affine Hecke algebra was the quantum KZ equations.


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