Aesculus × carnea

Aesculus × carnea, or red horse-chestnut,[1] is an artificial hybrid between A. pavia (red buckeye) and A. hippocastanum (horse-chestnut). The origin of the tree is not known, but it probably first appeared in Germany before 1820. The hybrid is a medium-size tree to 20–25 m tall, intermediate between the parent species in most respects, but inheriting the red flower color from A. pavia. It is a popular tree in large gardens and parks.

Red horse-chestnut
Aesculus carnea BotGartenMuenster PurpurKastanie 6685.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Aesculus
A. × carnea
Binomial name
Aesculus × carnea


  • 'Briotii' (named in 1858 to honor Pierre Louis Briot (1804-1888), the chief horticulturist of the State gardens at Trianon-Versailles near Paris, France) This is the most commonly seen cultivar which has 10-inch tall, deep rosy flowers and matures as a smaller tree.[2]
  • 'O'Neil', which produce larger (10–12 inch) panicles with brighter red flowers.
  • 'Fort McNair' (named from where it was selected) it has dark pink flowers with yellow throats and resists leaf scorch and leaf blotch.
  • 'Pendula' with arching branches.[3]
  • 'Plantierensis' which has intense rose pink flowers with yellow throats and does not set fruit, which makes it less messy.[4]


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Aesculus × carnea 'Briotii'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  3. ^ Govaerts, R., Michielsen, K. & Jablonski, E. (2011). Untraced Weeping Broadleaf cultivars: an overview. Belgische Dendrologie Belge Archived 2012-03-22 at the Wayback Machine 2009: 19–30.
  4. ^ Roth, Susan A. (2001). Taylor's guide to trees. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 408. ISBN 978-0-618-06889-0.