Adnan Badr Hassan

Adnan Badr Hassan (Arabic: عدنان بدر حسن‎) is a retired Syrian major general, politician and the former chief of Syria's political security directorate.

Adnan Badr Hassan
Chief of Political Security Directorate
In office
1987 – October 2002
PresidentHafez Assad
Bashar Assad
Preceded byAhmad Sa'id Salih
Succeeded byGhazi Kanaan
Personal details
Born
Adnan Sulaiman Badr Al Hassan

Al-Mukharram, Syria
Political partySyrian Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party
Alma materHoms Military Academy
Military service
AllegianceArmy of Syria
RankSyria-Liwa.jpg Major General
Commands9th Mechanized Infantry

BackgroundEdit

Hassan hails from Alawite family from Al Mukharram, Homs governorate.[1][2] He received religious education in Homs and attended the Homs Military Academy.[3]

CareerEdit

Hassan was a major general in the Syrian army.[4] In 1973 he fought in Arab-Israeli war and was decorated for his well performance.[3] One of his commands was the ninth mechanized infantry of the army in 1985.[2][5] He was appointed head of the political security directorate in 1987,[6] replacing Ahmad Said Salih in the post.[1][7] Hassan was one of Ali Duba's allies during this period.[2] Hassan's term ended in October 2002 and he was replaced by Ghazi Kanaan as head of the political security directorate.[8]

Hassan became a member of the Syrian Regional Branch of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party's Central Committee in 2000 following the death of Hafez Assad.[9][10] Hassan retired from politics in 2005.[11][12]

ActivitiesEdit

Hassan signed the agreement between Syria and Turkey on 20 October 1998, which established that Syria recognizes the PKK as a terrorist organization.[4] The agreement is known as Adana agreement.[13] He further involved in the security talks between the countries in 2000.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Syria's Intelligence Services: A Primer". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 2 (6). 1 July 2000.
  2. ^ a b c Hanna Batatu (1999). Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics. Princeton University Press. p. 228. ISBN 978-0-691-00254-5.
  3. ^ a b Diana Darke (2018). The Merchant of Syria: A History of Survival. Oxford University Press. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-19-087485-8.
  4. ^ a b "Minutes of the Agreement" (PDF). Syrian Truth. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  5. ^ Aaron Belkin (2005). United We Stand? Divide-And-Conquer Politics and the Logic of International Hostility. SUNY Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-7914-6343-7.
  6. ^ Global National Security and Intelligence Agencies Handbook Volume 1 Strategic Information and Important Contacts. Int'l Business Publications. 2015. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-7397-9140-0.
  7. ^ Andrew Rathmell (1996). "Syria's Intelligence Services: Origins and Development". The Journal of Conflict Studies. 16 (2).
  8. ^ Michael Young (12 October 2002). "The long goodbye". The Daily Star. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  9. ^ Bruce Maddy-Weitzman (2002). Middle East Contemporary Survey, Vol. 24, 2000. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 558. ISBN 978-965-224-054-5.
  10. ^ Alan George (2003). Syria: Neither Bread Nor Freedom. Zed Books. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-84277-213-3.
  11. ^ Sami Moubayed (July 2005). "Syria: Reform or Repair?" (PDF). Arab Reform Bulletin. 3 (6).
  12. ^ Scott Lasensky; Mona Yacoubian (December 2005). "Syria and political change" (PDF). USIPeace Briefing.
  13. ^ Kohei Imai (13 December 2017). The Possibility and Limit of Liberal Middle Power Policies: Turkish Foreign Policy toward the Middle East during the AKP Period (2005–2011). Lexington Books. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-4985-2492-6.
  14. ^ Michael Eisenstadt (21 June 2000). "Who Rules Syria?" (PolicyWatch 472). Policy Analysis. 472.