Adina is an operatic farsa in one act by Gioachino Rossini with a libretto by Marchese Gherardo Bevilacqua-Aldobrandini. The opera develops the popular theme of the "abduction from the seraglio". The première took place on 22 June 1826 at the Teatro Nacional de São Carlos, Lisbon.
|Farsa by Gioachino Rossini|
|Based on||Theme of the abduction from the seraglio|
22 June 1826
Teatro Nacional de São Carlos, Lisbon
Adina was commissioned in 1818 by Diego Ignazio de Pina Manique, police superintendent of Lisbon and inspector of Portuguese theatres. The opera was intended as a gift for a now unknown soprano who had apparently enthralled the superintendent with her performances at São Carlos.
The contract Rossini made was for a quick completion of the work, and the opera was finished in the same year it was commissioned. Rossini did not write an overture for the opera because none was specified in the contract and took little interest in the project. The plot is very similar to that of Francesco Basili's 1819 opera, Il califfo e la schiava, for which the libretto was written by Felice Romani, and some passages occur in both librettos - a mystery which has not yet been unravelled. Not all of the music is entirely original. According to the 2001 critical edition of the score by Fabrizio della Seta, "Rossini composed anew only four of the work's nine numbers: the Introduction, the disarming Cavatina for Adina "Fragolette fortunate" (Lucky little strawberries), the Quartet, and the Finale; for three others he turned to the opera Sigismondo written in 1814; the remaining two were written by a collaborator."
There is no apparent explanation for the eight-year gap between its completion in 1818 and its first performance in 1826. It was not revived until 1963, when it was performed at the Accademia Chigiana of Siena. It was staged at the Rossini Opera Festival, Pesaro, Italy, in 2018, with Lisette Oropesa in the title role.
The music of Adina has been described as "somewhat more serious genre than might be expected for a one-act opera, especially one designated a farsa (perhaps better considered a semi-serious opera in the 'rescue' vein)" with the opera itself managing "to escape pure conventionality of archetypes and stereotypes and achieve a stylistic unity." Richard Osborne in his "Master Musicians: Rossini" describes Adina as not only "...a pen-and-ink sketch rather than a full scale drawing...", but also "...a winning reminder that he had not lost his old skill as a composer of farse."
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 22 June 1826|
|Adina, a slave-girl||soprano||Luisa Valesi|
|Selimo, her former lover||tenor||Luigi Ravaglia|
|The Caliph, the unknown father of Adina||bass||Giovanni Orazio Cartagenova|
|Ali, a young Arab||tenor||Gaspare Martinelli|
|Mustafa, gardener of the seraglio||bass||Filippo Spada|
- (Della Seta 2001, p. Preface)
- "Adina". University of Chicago Center for Italian Opera Studies. Archived from the original on 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
- (Holden 2001, pp. 783–784)
- Servidei, Laura. "Adina in Wonderland: Lisette Oropesa shines in Pesaro". bachtrack.com. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- (Osborne, R. 1993, p. 215)
- (Osborne, R. 1993, p. 44)
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Adina, 22 June 1826". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- Osborne, Richard (1993). Rossini. Dent. ISBN 0-460-86103-4.
- Osborne, Charles (1994). The Bel Canto Operas of Rossini, Donizetti, and Bellini. Amadeus Press. ISBN 0-931340-71-3.
- Della Seta, Fabrizio, ed. (2001). Adina: Farsa in One Act by Gherardo Bevilacqua Aldobrandini" (The Critical Edition of the Works of Gioachino Rossini, Section I: Operas). University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-72861-7.
- Holden, Amanda, ed. (2001). The New Penguin Opera Guide. Penguin Putnam. ISBN 0-14-029312-4.
- Gallo, Denise (2002). Gioachino Rossini: A Guide to Research. Routledge. ISBN 0-8153-3474-5.