Action of 26 July 1566

The battle that took place on 26 July 1566 during the Northern Seven Years' War and was a slight victory for a Swedish fleet over a combined Danish and Lübecker fleet. It began just east of Öland and the Allied fleet eventually retreated toward Gotland.

Action of 26 July 1566
Part of Northern Seven Years' War
Date26 July 1566
East of Öland
Result Slight Swedish victory, mainly due to Allied losses in a storm two days later
 Sweden  Denmark
Commanders and leaders
Sweden Klas Horn Denmark Hans Lauritsen
Lübeck Bartholomeus Tinnappel [de]
Sweden 60 ships Denmark 25 ships
Lübeck 11 ships
Casualties and losses
Significant, but unknown Denmark 12 ships
Lübeck 3 ships
5900 drowned

Two days after the battle a storm sank fourteen of the Allied ships while they were anchored near Visby, drowning around 5900 men. The Swedish fleet, further out to sea, returned to port with some damage.

On 25 July, Horn discovered the Allied Danish–Lübeck fleet at the northern tip of Öland, headed for Gotland. Horn, who had a headwind, decided to avoid battle, but when the wind turned he started the battle on the morning of 26 July. A few more losses did not affect either fleet, when a sudden wind made it impossible for the Swedish navy to continue its pursuit of the Danish fleet, which was anchored to the Gotland coast to bury the Danish vice-admiral Christopher Morgisen on hallowed ground after his death from a cannonball.

Shortly after that a sudden storm broke out. The Swedish navy, which was at sea, survived without major losses, other than having had to fell the main mast of the Hector, and was able to flee to Älvsnabben by 6 August. The Allied fleet however was thrown against the coast of Gotland, and 12 Danish and 3 Lübeck vessels were smashed, and most of the ships' crews, numbering around 5000, were drowned, with only around 1400 surviving ashore.[1][2]

Ships involved edit

* indicates ships that sank in the storm of 28 July 1566

Sweden edit

  • St Erik 90 (flag)
  • Finska Svan 82
  • Hercules 81
  • Böse Lejon 56
  • Engel 49
  • other ships

Denmark edit

  • Samson* (flag)
  • Hannibal*
  • Merkurius*
  • Achilles (Christopher Mogensen, died)
  • Engel*
  • Solen*
  • Flores*
  • Hoyenhald*
  • Papegoye*
  • Griffe*
  • Engelske Fortuna*
  • Hertug Olufs Pincke*
  • other ships

Lübeck edit

  • Morian* (Lübeck flagship)
  • Josua* (2nd Lübeck flagship)
  • Havfru*
  • other ships

References edit

  1. ^ (in Swedish) Svenska flottans historia, Per Olof Bäckström [sv]
  2. ^ "The Visby Sea Disaster of July 28th 1566 - Marinarkeologi Gotland". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-02-12.

56°44′N 16°40′E / 56.733°N 16.667°E / 56.733; 16.667