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Acanthophyllum is a genus of flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. 107 species have been described and of these, only 68 are currently accepted.[1] about 60 species of Acanthophyllum C. A. Mey. (Caryophyllaceae,Caryophylloideae, Caryophylleae) spread in the Irano-Turanian area.[2]

Acanthophyllum
Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte (1836) (17578232684).jpg
Acanthophyllum mucronatum
Scientific classification
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Acanthophyllum

Species

See text.

Contents

DescriptionEdit

Small, shrubby perennial plants with spiny leaves. Flowers white or pink, sessile in solitary or globose heads. Spiny bracts. Calyx cylindrical, with 5 teeth. Petals 5, entire or retuse. Stamens 20. Capsule ovoid, irregularly dehiscent from base. Reniform seeds.[3]

TaxonomyEdit

The genus was described by Carl Anton von Meyer and published in Verzeichness der Pflanzen des Caspischen Meeres 210, 1831.[3] The type species is Acanthophyllum mucronatum C.A. Mey.

 
Acanthophyllum Bikh in Iran

Accepted SpeciesEdit

The following species of Acanthophyllum were accepted as of October 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Acanthophyllum in PlantList
  2. ^ M. Mahmoudi Shamsabad, J. Vaezi , F. Memariani & M. R. Joharchi. a new species and a new record of acanthophyllum c. a. mey. (caryophyllaceae) from northeast of iran.IRAN. J. BOT. 18 (1), 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Acanthophyllum". Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 27 October 2013.

BibliographyEdit

  1. Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  2. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.