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Abu l-Hasan Ali, Sultan of Granada

Abu l-Hasan Ali (Arabic: أبو الحسن عليAbū al-Ḥasan ‘Alī; d. 1485), known as Muley Hacén in Spanish (Muley being derived from Arabic Mawlay = "My Lord"), was the twenty-first Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada in Spain, from 1464 to 1482 and again from 1483 to 1485.

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LifeEdit

The son of Said, Abu l-Hasan Ali became sultan in 1464, and in 1477 he refused to pay tribute to the Crown of Castile. In 1481 he ordered an invasion to the city of Zahara de la Sierra by surprise, killing and enslaving the unarmed Christian Zaharans. This action was taken by Isabella I of Castile as a reason to start the war against Granada.

He was the father of Muhammad XII (also known as Boabdil), the last sultan of Granada, by his relative Aixa. He took a captive Christian slave named Isabel de Solís and fell in love with her, renamed after her conversion as his second wife Zoraida or Soraya (Thuraya="Star"), the daughter of Sancho Jiménez de Solís, Alcalde of La Peña de Martos, he had two sons. There are no other biographical elements on Zoraya: She could have joined him in his exile with her two sons. It seems that after the death of Abû l-Hassan, Zoraya and her two sons re-converted to Catholicism. The sons took the names of Juan de Granada and Fernando de Granada.

LiteratureEdit

Abu l-Hasan Ali appears as a character, along with Isabel de Solís, in the novel "People of the Book" by Geraldine Brooks, and Part 17 of Washington Irving's Tales of the Alhambra briefly mentions Mula Abul Hassan.

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Abu l-Hasan Ali, Sultan of Granada
Cadet branch of the Banu Khazraj
 Died: 1485
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Said
Sultan of Granada
1464–1482
Succeeded by
Muhammad XII
Preceded by
Muhammad XII
Sultan of Granada
1483–1485
Succeeded by
Muhammed XIII