Abruka is an 8.78 km2 Estonian island in the Gulf of Riga, 4 km south of the island of Saaremaa.

Abruka
The oldest building on Abruka: The Abruka House (Abruka maja).
The oldest building on Abruka: The Abruka House (Abruka maja).
Location of Abruka in Estonia.
Location of Abruka in Estonia.
Coordinates: 58°09′50″N 22°30′14″E / 58.16389°N 22.50389°E / 58.16389; 22.50389Coordinates: 58°09′50″N 22°30′14″E / 58.16389°N 22.50389°E / 58.16389; 22.50389
CountryEstonia
CountySaare County
MunicipalitySaaremaa Parish
Area
(Area of village)
 • Total10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Population
 (01.01.2011[1])
 • Total33
 • Density3.3/km2 (8.5/sq mi)

Together with few neighbouring smaller islands (Vahase, Kasselaid, Linnusitamaa and Kirjurahu) Abruka forms the village of Abruka, which is part of Saaremaa Parish, Saare County.[2] The village has a population of 33 (as of 1 January 2011)[1] and an area of 10.1 km2.

The first records about the population on Abruka originate from the Middle Ages, when the Bishop of Ösel-Wiek founded a horse breeding manor (Abro) there. Permanent population developed in the 18th century. 1881–1972 an elementary school operated on Abruka.[3]

Abruka is the site of a Central European-type broadleaf forest, which is rare in the region. To protect this a nature reserve was created in 1937.

There's a library (located in the harbour building) and a museum which is located on the side of the former manor park in the oldest building on Abruka (The Abruka House).[4]

Abruka can be reached by postboat Heili from Roomassaare harbour in Kuressaare.[5]

The twin writers Jüri Tuulik and Ülo Tuulik (born 1940) were born on Abruka.[3]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Kaarma valla asulate nimekiri seisuga 01.01.2011" (in Estonian). Kaarma vald. Archived from the original on 6 June 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  2. ^ Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements 2014 (retrieved 28 July 2021)
  3. ^ a b "Abruka küla" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Ajalugu" (in Estonian). Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  5. ^ "Location". abruka.ee. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2011.

External linksEdit