Abraxas is the second studio album by Latin rock band Santana. It was released on September 23, 1970.
The title of the album originates from a line in Hermann Hesse's book, Demian, quoted on the album's back cover: "We stood before it and began to freeze inside from the exertion. We questioned the painting, berated it, made love to it, prayed to it: We called it mother, called it whore and slut, called it our beloved, called it Abraxas...."
The album cover features the 1961 painting Annunciation by German-French painter Mati Klarwein. According to the artist, it was one of the first paintings he did after relocating to New York City. Carlos Santana reportedly noticed it in a magazine and asked that it be on the cover of the band's upcoming album. The cover is now considered a classic of rock album covers.
Covers and soundtracksEdit
|10.||"Se a Cabo" (Live at the Royal Albert Hall, London, England, April 18, 1970) (1998 edition)||3:47|
|11.||"Toussaint L'Overture" (Live at the Royal Albert Hall, London, England, April 18, 1970) (1998 edition)||4:52|
|12.||"Black Magic Woman/Gypsy Queen" (Live at the Royal Albert Hall, London, England, April 18, 1970) (1998 edition)||4:57|
- In 1990, CBS/Sony published a remastered edition on Audio CD (Universal Product Code: 7464301302 ).
- In 1991, Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab released a remastered version on their Ultradisc (24K) Gold CD (UDCD 552).
- In 1997, ARS (Audiophile record service Joerg Kessler) of Germany, released a 180 gram 100% virgin vinyl pressing mastered from the original analog tape. It is (Pallas) Germany pressed. Catalog # Ars 32032.
- In 1998, Sony published a remastered version, which included three previously unreleased live tracks: "Se A Cabo", "Toussaint L'Overture" and "Black Magic Woman/Gypsy Queen," recorded at the Royal Albert Hall on April 18, 1970.
- In 1998, SME records in Japan, part of Sony Music, also released the remastered version as an SACD. This disc is stereo only, and furthermore, it is a single layer SACD, which means that ordinary CD players will not play it. This disc contains the same bonus tracks as the ordinary 1998 remastered CD.
- In 2008, Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab released a remastered version on their Ultradisc II (24K) Gold CD (UDCD 775) & GAIN 2™ Ultra Analog LP 180g Series (MFSL305).
- In 2016 Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab released a new, limited edition, 45 rpm 2 lp box set of Abraxas called the 1 step (UD1S). The set was limited to 2500 copies worldwide and involved a process where several of the traditional steps in making a vinyl record were bypassed in order to get a more original sound. It is mastered from the original analog tape.
||Peak chart positions
||Peak chart positions
||"Black Magic Woman"
||"Oye Como Va"
|"Hope You're Feeling Better"
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released.
- ^ a b "Artists You Should Know: Mati Klarwein" by Tom Schnabel, KCRW, 27 May 2011
- ^ Annunciation by Mati Klarwein - 1961 (Abraxas) from the artist's website
- ^ Abraxas in the Album Cover Art Gallery
- ^ "The 50 Greatest Album Covers of All Time", Billboard, 12 November 2015
- ^ Henderson, Alex. Abraxas at AllMusic. Retrieved 2005-09-15.
- ^ a b Christgau, Robert. "Santana: Abraxas > Consumer Guide Album". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- ^ Nash, Jim (December 24, 1970). "Santana Abraxas > Album Review". Rolling Stone (73). Archived from the original on 2007-01-16. Retrieved 2006-07-25.
- ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). "Santana". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. London: Fireside. pp. 717–718. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Portions posted at "Santana > Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
- ^ Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) . "205 | Abraxas - Santana". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. Archived from the original on 2007-11-06. Retrieved 9 March 2006.
- ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (7 February 2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
- ^ "National Recording Registry Recognizes "Mack the Knife," Motown and Mahler",
Library of Congress, 23 March 2016
- ^ Discogs - Abraxas 1998 reMastered CD, Columbia / Legacy (CK 65490) US
- ^ Abraxas (Media notes).
- ^ Simino, Junico (19 May 2011). "Royal Blue Studios: Bed-Stuy's Hidden Treasure". Patch.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
Honablue has mastered some the most popular albums of all time including: Led Zeppelin's Led Zeppelin II, Santana's Abraxas...
- ^ "Canadian album certifications – Santana – Abraxas". Music Canada.
- ^ "French album certifications – Santana – Abraxas" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
- ^ "British album certifications – Santana – Abraxas". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Enter Abraxas in the search field and then press Enter.
- ^ "American album certifications – Santana – Abraxas". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH