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The Aberdeen–Inverness line is a railway line in Scotland linking Aberdeen and Inverness.

Aberdeen–Inverness line
Inverurie railway station.jpg
A ScotRail train at Inverurie station in July 2005
SystemNational Rail
OwnerNetwork Rail
Operator(s)Abellio ScotRail
Rolling stockClass 158 "Express Sprinter", Class 170 "Turbostar" and Class 43 "HST"
Line length108 miles 21 chains (174.2 km)
Number of tracksSingle line with passing loops
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Operating speed75 mph (120 km/h) maximum



The line was built in three parts:-

A Highland Railway 'Clan Goods' locomotive at Forres

Most of the line is single-track, other than the part of the line between Insch and Kennethmont, which is double-track.

The first two parts of the line merged to form the Highland Railway. The Highland Railway operated the line from Inverness to Keith with the Great North operating the line from there to Aberdeen. The Highland was grouped with other railways into the London Midland and Scottish Railway and the Great North was grouped into the London and North Eastern Railway by the Railways Act 1921, before eventually becoming part of British Railways in 1948.

Since 1948Edit

Many intermediate stations were closed at various dates during the 1950s and 1960s to both passenger and goods traffic. The 1963 Reshaping of British Railways report recommended the closure of Inverurie and Insch stations but these remain open. Dyce station was reopened in 1984 to serve the adjacent Aberdeen Airport.

A new freight interchange known as Raith's Farm was opened in 2009 at Dyce.[1]

Current servicesEdit

Aberdeen–Inverness line
Rose Street Junction
Welsh's Bridge Junction
Inverness (  to  )
Millburn Junction
Keith Town  
(  to  )
Glasgow–Aberdeen line &
Edinburgh–Aberdeen line

Passenger services are operated by Abellio ScotRail with less regular London trains operated by London North Eastern Railway during diversions. There is some limited freight traffic, with Elgin retaining a goods yard, whilst Keith, Huntly and Inverurie retain smaller, less frequently used goods yards.[citation needed] Raith's Farm freight yard at Dyce serves Aberdeen.[1]

The line serves the following stations:

Station Grid reference
and other notes
Aberdeen NJ941058
Connection with the Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line
Connection with the Glasgow to Aberdeen Line
Connection with the Caledonian Sleeper to London Euston
Connection with NorthLink Ferries to Orkney and Shetland
Dyce NJ884128
Connection with 80 Dyce Airlink shuttle bus to Aberdeen Airport
Inverurie NJ775218
Insch NJ629275
Huntly NJ535396
Keith NJ429516
Connection with the preserved Keith and Dufftown Railway
Elgin NJ218621
Forres NJ029589
Nairn NH881560
Inverness NH667454
Connections with the Highland Main Line, the Far North Line and, via Dingwall on the Far North Line, the Kyle of Lochalsh Line
Connection with the Caledonian Sleeper to London Euston
Bus connection to Inverness Airport


There are currently plans to extend some of the services and increase the frequency of trains between Inverurie and Aberdeen. This will be part of the Aberdeen Crossrail project. Transport Scotland is also funding an infrastructure improvement project on the route between 2015 and 2030. Phase 1 of this scheme (costing £170 million) is due for completion by 2019 and will see the southern end of the line redoubled, the passing loop at Forres extended into a relocated station, new stations built at Dalcross & Kintore, platforms extended at Elgin & Insch and signalling & level crossings on the route upgraded.[2][3][4] The first stage (resignalling between Inverness and Keith, the new station at Forres and extension of the Elgin loop) was completed on schedule on 17 October 2017.

Reference Outside of ScotlandEdit

There is a residence hall at the University of California, Riverside that is named after the Aberdeen-Inverness rail line. The Aberdeen-Inverness Residence Hall was the first residence hall at the university and is still in operation today. Originally, Aberdeen, A and B wings, was all male. Inverness, D and E wings, was all female. By the early 1970s, the twin-residences became fully coeducational.[5]


  1. ^ a b Raiths Farm at Railscot Retrieved 2010-03-15
  2. ^ "Aberdeen to Inverness Rail Improvement Project, Scotland" article; Retrieved 19 August 2016
  3. ^ "Aberdeen to Inverness rail improvements". Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  4. ^ "Aberdeen – Inverness Improvements – Network Rail". Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  5. ^ "Aberdeen-Inverness". Retrieved 2019-02-28.

External linksEdit