Abdul Hafeez Pirzada
Abdul Hafeez Pirzada (Urdu: عبدالحفیظ پیرزادہ; 24 February 1935 – 1 September 2015) was a Pakistani lawyer, legal theorist, and politician, who served variously as Minister for Information, Minister for Law, Minister for Finance, and Minister for Education under President and later Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from 1971 to 1977. As Law Minister, he is credited as a principal draftsman of the Constitution of Pakistan, passed in 1973.
Abdul Hafeez Pirzada
|12th Minister of Finance, Revenue & Economic Affairs|
30 March 1977 – 5 July 1977
|President||Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry|
|Prime Minister||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Rana Hanif Khan|
|Succeeded by||Ghulam Ishaq Khan|
|Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs|
14 August 1973 – 30 March 1977
|President||Fazal Illahi Chaudhry|
|Prime Minister||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Mahmud Ali Kasuri|
|Succeeded by||Sharifuddin Pirzada|
|Minister for Information|
20 December 1971 – 13 August 1973
|President||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Roedad Khan|
|Born||24 February 1935|
Sukkur, British India
|Died||1 September 2015 (aged 80)|
Reading, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
|Resting place||Sukkur, Pakistan|
|Political party||Pakistan People's Party|
|Alma mater||Karachi University|
(LLB and MSc)
Trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn, Pirzada was a founding member of the Pakistan People's Party. He was elected to the National Assembly in the elections of 1970, holding several ministerial portfolios in the Bhutto government. After the government was deposed by General Zia-ul-Haq in 1977, Pirzada unsuccessfully assisted with Bhutto's defence in his criminal trial for murder. He briefly led the PPP before being imprisoned by the Zia regime, eventually leaving the party over differences with Benazir Bhutto, and retiring from politics.
Returning to private practice, Pirzada rose to Senior Advocate of the Supreme Court, becoming one of the country's leading lawyers. He died of medical complications in Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, on 1 September 2015. He is cited as the 'Father of the Pakistani Constitution'.
Early life and familyEdit
Born in Sukkur, Sindh, British India, Abdul Hafeez Pirzada belonged to a prominent Sindhi family, the son of former Chief Minister of Sindh Pirzada Abdus Sattar. His family remains active in politics: his brother Abdul Mujeeb is a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (F).
Pirzada obtained his LLB degree from Karachi University, before gaining his LLM from Sindh University. He was also awarded an MSc. in Political Science from the university, after focusing his thesis on the Soviet Union and the rise of communism. He then trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London, as his father and grandfather had.
Pirzada began his legal career at the Sindh High Court, known then as the West Pakistan High Court. He first met fellow lawyer Zulfikar Ali Bhutto when both were associates at Dingomal Ramchandani's law chambers in Karachi.
PPP co-founder and federal ministerEdit
Pirzada was one of 30 members that co-founded the Pakistan People's Party on 30 November 1967, led by Bhutto. As Bhutto's legal counsel in cases instituted by the military regime of Ayub Khan, Pirzada successfully defended the cases, and rose to play a greater role in the party.
In the general elections of 1970, Pirzada was elected a Member of the National Assembly from Malir, polling 64,000 votes. After Bhutto was handed the presidency in 1971, he sacked incumbent Minister for Information Roedad Khan, appointing Pirzada instead. Pirzada also gained the Ministry of Education a year later.[failed verification]
Father of the ConstitutionEdit
In 1973, Pirzada assumed the control of the Ministry of Law and Justice, after Mahmud Ali Kasuri resigned from the post over differences with Bhutto. Pirzada played an integral role in the drafting, and ultimate passing of the Constitution of 1973.
Government negotiation team memberEdit
In 1977, Pirzada was made Finance Minister. Elected an MNA again in 1977, Pirzada was a key member of the three-member government team that negotiated, unsuccessfully, a deal with the PNA opposition grouping. During that time, he was the Finance Minister of Pakistan for a little over three months, before the PPP-led government was overthrown by military coup by (see Fair Play) General Zia-ul-Haq, then-Chief of Army Staff.
Coup d'état and arrestEdit
On 17 September 1977, Pirzada, along with Dr. Hassan and Bhutto, was arrested by the Military Police, but was released in 1978. Upon his release, Pirzada filed a petition in the Supreme Court requesting to review the petition. He then also filed a petition for the release of Dr. Mubashir Hassan but the petition was denied as the Military Police were holding Dr. Hassan on unknown criminal charges.
Fighting Bhutto's caseEdit
On 24 February, the Supreme Court denied the request of review, and so the court upheld its original decision. Pirzada then attempted to attain a commutation of Bhutto's sentence on the basis of split decision. This time, the Court decided to hear the arguments. On 28 February, the Army banned all the college text books of Dr. Hassan and forcefully lifted the books from major bookstores. On 12 March, the Supreme Court started to review the petition, and did so for the next 12 days. On 24 March, Pirzada informed Bhutto in jail that the President of Pakistan was able to change a death sentence into one of life imprisonment. Undaunted, Pirzada filed a petition to President General Zia-ul-Haq, who was serving at the time as Chief Martial Law Administrator. Pirzada asked the President to use "Section 45 of the Constitution", to commute the sentence to one of life imprisonment. However, General Zia-ul-Haq denied the application, saying the application had gone missing. Pirzada immediately went to meet Bhutto in his cell where he notified Bhutto about the application's status. After that, Pirzada held a press conference and told the media that Bhutto was prepared for death and would not file another application for mercy.
On 1 October 1982, Pirzada was arrested for demonstrating against Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization, where he also demanded the citizen basic rights. Following the ouster of the PPP Government and the imposition of martial law by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Pirzada developed differences with Nusrat and Benazir Bhutto. During the military rule in Pakistan he remained in exile in the United Kingdom.
Return to private practiceEdit
On his return to Pakistan in the late 1980s, Pirzada withdrew from active politics and fully concentrated on his legal career. Pirzada was one of the most successful advocates in Pakistan.
- "Govt on collision course with SC". The Nation. 9 June 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Mansoor, Hasan. "Profile: Abdul Hafeez Pirzada — a lawyer par excellence". DAWN.com. Dawn News.
- Kazi, Ghulam Nabie. "Education Minister Abdul Hafeez Pirzada visits an educational institution in 1974". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- Zaman, Fakhar. "Pakistan Peoples Party – Past and Present" (PDF). Fakhar Zaman. Fakhar Zaman and Pakistan Peoples Party's Media Research Cell Directorate. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "Prominent law expert Abdul Hafeez Pirzado passes away". The Sindh Times. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
Rana Mohammad Hanif Khan
| Finance Minister of Pakistan
Ghulam Ishaq Khan