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Abba-El I (reigned c. 1750 BC – c. 1720 BC - Middle chronology ) was the king of Yamhad (Halab), succeeding his father Hammurabi I.[1]

Abba-El I
Great King of Yamhad
Abba-El I seal.jpg
Reignc. 1750 BC – c. 1720 BC, Middle chronology
PredecessorHammurabi I
SuccessorYarim-Lim II

Contents

ReignEdit

Hammurabi I left Yamhad a prosperous country, and Abba-El's reign was relatively peaceful. He maintained good commercial relations with Babylon.[2] The main event of his reign was the rebellion of Zitraddu, governor of the city Irridu which belonged along with its district to Abba-El's brother Yarim-Lim

A tablet discovered at Alalakh explains the circumstances which led to the forming of the kingdom of Alalakh; it revealed that Abba-El destroyed Irridu and compensated his brother by giving him Alalakh as a hereditary kingdom for his dynasty under the suzerainty of Aleppo but that it should be forfeited if Yarim-Lim or his descendants committed treason against Yamhad.

Abba-El took an oath upon himself not to confiscate his brother's new kingdom and that he might be cursed if he ever did.[3] In return Yarim-Lim took an oath of loyalty to his brother, specifying that if he or his descendants ever committed treason or spilled Abba-El's secrets to another king, their lands would be forfeited.[4]

The Hurrians's influence seems clear during Abba-El's reign, as he recalls the help given to him by the Hurrian Goddess Hebat.[5]

Death and AncestorsEdit

Abba-El died in ca. 1720 BC and was succeeded by Yarim-Lim II, who most probably was his son; however, Moshe Weinfeld believes that Yarim-Lim II was the same as Yarim-Lim of Alalakh.[6]

King Abba-El I of Yamhad (Halab)
 Died: 1720 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hammurabi I
Great King of Yamhad
1750 – 1720 BC
Succeeded by
Yarim-Lim II

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Beatrice Teissier. Egyptian Iconography on Syro-Palestinian Cylinder Seals of the Middle Bronze Age. p. 27.
  2. ^ William J. Hamblin. Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC. p. 259.
  3. ^ Nadav Naʼaman. Canaan in the Second Millennium B.C.E. p. 285.
  4. ^ William J. Hamblin. Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC. p. 264.
  5. ^ Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards. The Cambridge Ancient History. p. 41.
  6. ^ Jimmy Jack McBee Roberts. The Bible and the Ancient Near East: Collected Essays. p. 150.