A Month in the Country (play)

A Month in the Country (Russian: Месяц в деревне, romanized: Mesiats v derevne) is a play in five acts by Ivan Turgenev, his only well-known work for the theatre.[1] Originally titled The Student, it was written in France between 1848 and 1850 and first published in 1855 as Two Women. The play was not staged until 1872, when it was given as A Month in the Country at a benefit performance for the Moscow actress Ekaterina Vasilyeva (1829–1877), who was keen to play the leading role of Natalya Petrovna.[2]

A Month in the Country
Konstantin Stanislavski (left) and Olga Knipper (right)
as Rakitin and Natalya in
the Moscow Art Theatre's production in 1909.
Written byIvan Turgenev
CharactersNatalya Petrovna
Mikhail Rakitin
Aleksei Belyaev
Arkadi Islaev
Lizaveta Bogdanovna
Anna Semenovna
Date premiered1872
Original languageRussian
SettingThe Islaev country estate in the 1840s


Originally entitled The Student, the play was banned by the Saint Petersburg censor without being performed. Turgenev changed the title to Two Women. In 1854 it was passed for publication, provided alterations were made — demands made more on moral than political grounds. To play down the controversy, Turgenev finally settled on the name A Month in the Country.

In the introduction to his 1994 English translation, Richard Freeborn wrote:

Turgenev's comedy has often been called Chekhovian, even though it preceded Chekhov's mature work by more than forty years. The happiest irony surrounding the play's survival is that its ultimate success was due more than anything to the popularity of Chekhov's work and the kind of ensemble playing which Stanislavsky fostered at the Moscow Art Theatre. It was his production in 1909, when he played the role of Rakitin, that finally demonstrated the true brilliance of Turgenev's long-neglected play.[3]

Plot summaryEdit

The setting is the Islaev country estate in the 1840s. Natalya Petrovna, a headstrong 29-year-old, is married to Arkadi Islaev, a rich landowner seven years her senior. Bored with life, she welcomes the attentions of Mikhail Rakitin as her devoted but resentful admirer, without ever letting their friendship develop into a love affair.

The arrival of the handsome 21-year-old student Aleksei Belyaev as tutor to her son Kolya ends her boredom. Natalya falls in love with Aleksei, but so does her ward Vera, the Islaevs' 17-year-old foster daughter. To rid herself of her rival, Natalya proposes that Vera should marry a rich old neighbour, but the rivalry remains unresolved.

Rakitin struggles with his love for Natalya, and she wrestles with hers for Aleksei, while Vera and Aleksei draw closer. Misunderstandings arise, and when Arkadi begins to have his suspicions, both Rakitin and Aleksei are obliged to leave. As other members of the household drift off to their own worlds, Natalya's life returns to a state of boredom.


Islayev (Nikolai Massalitinov, left) and his mother Anna (Maria Samarova) surprise his wife Natalya (Olga Knipper, centre) and her would-be lover and friend of the family Rakitin (Konstantin Stanislavski), in Act 3 of the MAT production (1909).
  • Natalya Petrovna, wife of a rich landowner, 29
  • Mikhail Aleksandrovich Rakitin, a family friend, in love with Natalya, 30
  • Aleksei Nikolayevich Belyaev, a new young tutor of Natalya's son Kolya, 21
  • Arkadi Sergeyevich Islayev, a rich landowner, husband of Natalya, 36
  • Kolya, son of Natalya and Islayev, 10
  • Vera Aleksandrovna (Verochka), Natalya's ward, 17
  • Anna Semyonovna Islayeva, Arkadi's mother, 58
  • Lizaveta Bogdanovna, a companion, 37
  • Adam Ivanovich Schaaf, a German tutor, 45
  • Afanasi Ivanovich Bolshintsov, a neighbour, 48
  • Ignati Ilyich Shpigelsky, a doctor, 40
  • Matvei, a servant, 40
  • Katya, a servant, 20


Act 1: The Drawing Room, afternoon

Act 2: The Garden, the following day

Act 3: The Drawing Room, the following day

Act 4: The Estate, the same evening

Act 5: The Veranda, the following day

Production historyEdit

Russian productionsEdit

After its 1872 premiere, A Month in the Country was not performed again until 1879, when it became a regular part of the Russian repertoire.[2]

The Moscow Art Theatre (MAT) production opened on 22 December [O.S. 9 December] 1909.[4] It was directed by Konstantin Stanislavski (who alternated the role of Rakitin with Vasili Kachalov) and Ivan Moskvin.[5] Olga Knipper played Natalya, Nikolai Massalitinov was her husband, Islayev, and Maria Samarova his mother, Anna. Richard Boleslavsky played Belyaev, with Lydia Koreneva as Verochka. The rest of the cast included Elena Muratova as Lizaveta, Nikolai Zvantsev as Schaaf, Ilya Uralov as Bolshintsov, Vladimir Gribunin as Shpigelsky, I. V. Lazarev as Matvei, and Lyubov Dmitrevskaya as Katya.[6] Scenic design was by the World of Art artist Mstislav Dobuzhinsky.[7] This was the first production in which Stanislavski made use of his emerging 'system' of acting, much to the general distress of the actors, and Knipper in particular.[8]

American productionsEdit

Elliot Cabot and Alla Nazimova in the Theatre Guild production (1930)

European productionsEdit

French poster Un mois à la campagne directed by Bernard Lefebvre in Paris.



European film adaptations of A Month in the Country include:

A Month in the Country has been adapted into English several times as made-for-television films. These include productions in:


Turgenev's play was freely adapted by choreographer Frederick Ashton as a one-act ballet of the same name for the Royal Ballet company in 1976. John Lanchbery arranged the score based on music by Frédéric Chopin; the stage design was by Julia Trevelyan Oman. Natalia was first danced by Lynn Seymour, for whom the role was created, and Anthony Dowell danced the role of Belyaev. For research purposes, Frederick Ashton took Lynn Seymour and the rest of the ballet cast to see the London production of the play, with Dorothy Tutin in the lead.[21]

The premiere ballet performance was presented at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, on 12 February 1976, and the production was filmed that year by director Colin Nears for the BBC. Lynn Seymour also danced the role in New York.


Lee Hoiby composed a two-act opera based on the play. Originally titled Natalia Petrovna, it was premiered in 1964 at New York City Opera.[22][23] It was revised as A Month in the Country; this form was premiered in Boston in 1981, and has since been recorded.[23][24]


  1. ^ According to Richard Freeborn, in: Turgenev, Ivan. A Month in the Country, Oxford World's Classics (1991), Introduction, p. x.
  2. ^ a b Proscenium Publications programme note for the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre, Guildford revival (1994)
  3. ^ Richard Freeborn's programme note for the Richmond Theatre presentation of his English translation, March 1994
  4. ^ Benedetti (1999, 387).
  5. ^ Worrall (1996, 192).
  6. ^ Worrall (1996, 194).
  7. ^ Worrall (1996, 189).
  8. ^ Worral (1996, 185).
  9. ^ Turgenev, Ivan (1980). A Month in the Country - Issue 2 of Monash Nineteenth-century drama series. Dramatists Play Service Inc. p. 7. ISBN 9780822207726.
  10. ^ Cf. John Thaxter's review in Richmond and Twickenham Times, 25 February 1994.
  11. ^ "Three Days in the Country | National Theatre | South Bank, London". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-09-23.
  12. ^ ITV Play of the Week: A Month in the Country (1955) at the Internet Movie Database
  13. ^ A Month in the Country (1955) at the British Film Institute
  14. ^ Review of A Month in the Country (1955)
  15. ^ Play of the Week: A Month in the Country (1959) at the Internet Movie Database
  16. ^ Theatre 625: A Month in the Country (1966) at the Internet Movie Database
  17. ^ Theatre 625: A Month in the Country (1966) at the British Film Institute
  18. ^ A Month in the Country at the Internet Movie Database
  19. ^ This made-for-television film was filmed in 1967 (Penman, Margaret; Toronto Telegram News Service. "Toronto's Gift to 'The Avengers'" Ottawa Journal. February 10, 1968, p. 56. Also: Cheshire, Ellen. "A King Among Queens". 1 June 2015.), but IMDB lists the first air date as 1977.
  20. ^ A Month in the Country (1985) at the Internet Movie Database
  21. ^ Kavanagh (1996).
  22. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-01. Retrieved 2011-02-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ a b OPERA America – New Works Directory
  24. ^ Lee Hoiby: A Month in the Country: Information from Answers.com


External linksEdit