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A Bag of Marbles (French: Un sac de billes) is a Second World War autobiographical novel by the French Jewish author Joseph Joffo. It tells the story of his flight, as a small boy, with his brother Maurice to escape from Nazi occupied France to the Zone Libre.[1] Joffo was refused by many publishers before being encouraged by the newly founded publishing house Éditions Jean-Claude Lattès to get the help of an editor to polish the text.[2] The book was a phenomenal best-seller, being made into a major film two years later.

A Bag of Marbles
Un sac de billes (novel).jpg
First edition
AuthorJoseph Joffo
Original titleUn sac de billes
CountryFrance
LanguageFrench
SeriesD. Carter
GenreAutobiographical novel
PublisherGuilde du Livre
Publication date
1973
Media typePrint (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages380 pp

Contents

Plot summaryEdit

Joseph is an ordinary boy with ordinary interests; he dislikes lessons and enjoys playing marbles with his friends. But in 1941 when Paris is occupied by the Nazis his childhood comes to an end. Never before having known what it means to be a Jew, Joseph is forced to wear a yellow star. Unwilling to wear a label announcing to the world he is different, he makes his first business transaction with Zérati, a friend from school; his yellow star exchanged for a bag of marbles.

The racism which results from the occupation leaves only one possibility to Joseph and his brother Maurice: they must flee. Their father, who owns a hairdressing salon, advises them what to do when they leave. Despite having been driven from their home because of their Jewish identity, they are told they must never let anyone know that they are Jews.

They are attempting to escape from the grasp of Hitler and his S.S. men as they infiltrate France. They travel through northern France to the de-militiarised zone in the South. They cross the Demarcation Line in the dead of night with the help of another young boy called Raymond. Once into safe France they travel down to Menton via Marseille, where they spend a fantastic day taking in the sea - something they have never seen before. The boys then spend four blissfully safe months in Menton with their brothers, Henri and Albert, before having to leave the town for Nice where their parents are waiting.

The boys spend the summer in Nice with their parents but due to the surrender of the Italians and the arrival of the Germans in safe France, they have to flee quickly to "Moisson Nouvelle", a camp for boys run by the Vichy government. The boys are safe here for a while and make many friends until one day when they accompany the lorry driver Ferdinand into Nice where he leads them, unintentionally, straight into a Nazi trap. They are taken to the "Hotel Excelsior", the Nazi headquarters in the region. Fortunately, due to their carefully thought up lies and the persistence of a priest they escape a month later still alive but pretty rattled. Sadly, they soon learn of the arrest of their father who had his papers with him at the time which means it is no longer safe for the two youngsters to remain in Nice.

As the autumn turns to winter, Joseph and Maurice travel north to see their sister where they learn that it is unsafe for them to stay so they go to join their brothers in the alpine resort of Aix-les-Bains. Here Maurice spends the rest of the war working in a bakery and Joseph works for the owner of the village bookshop - a staunch Petainist.

Joseph returns to Paris shortly after peace is announced in an over-crowded train. Maurice does also, although in his typical style he also takes enough cheese to make a very large profit on! They are both re-united with their family in the coiffeur - although sadly not their father who perished in a concentration camp before the end of the war.

Films and graphic novelEdit

The novel was made into a film directed by Jacques Doillon in 1975. A new film Un sac de billes was released in January 2017, receiving virtually unanimous praise, and great success in the box office, with 9.1 million USD earned in just nine months.[3] A graphic novel version (2012), by Kris and Vincent Bailly, was nominated in the Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards as Best Reality-Based Work.

Modern receptionEdit

The book has come under some scrutiny. Critics such as Tony Simons in "Un Sac de Billes & other writings" (Glasgow introductory guides to French literature:46) argue that the book cannot be accurate. "Un sac de billes" was written 30 years after Joseph's experience, of which he would have few memories. The narrative may not necessarily be the authentic thoughts of a child but in fact a fabricated retrospective idea by the author.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bastian Naumann - 2007 Joseph Joffo - Un Sac de Billes: 3638672328 - Seminar paper de l'annee 2005 dans le domaine Etudes des langues romanes - Francais - Littérature, note: 2,0, Christian-Albrechts-Universitat Kiel (Romanisches Seminar), cours: Einfuhrung in die Literaturwissenschaft II, 36 sources ...
  2. ^ Un sac de billes de Joseph Joffo (Fiche de lecture): Résumé complet 2806219027 Hadrien Seret, lePetitLittéraire.fr, - 2011 "Décryptez Un sac de billes de Joseph Joffo avec l’analyse du PetitLitteraire.fr "
  3. ^ "Un sac de billes - Google Search". g.co. Retrieved 2017-10-19.