The ATM Turbo (ru: "АТМ-ТУРБО"), also known simply as ATM (from ru: "Ассоциация Творческой Молодёжи", meaning "Association of Creative Youth") is a ZX Spectrum clone, developed in Moscow in 1991, by two firms, MicroArt and ATM.
|Also known as||АТМ-ТУРБО|
|Developer||MicroArt and ATM; NedoPC|
|Operating system||ATM Turbo 1: Sinclair BASIC, TR-DOS, CP/M |
ATM Turbo 2+: iS-DOS/TASiS, DNA OS, Mr Gluk Reset Service
|CPU||Zilog Z80 @ 3.5 and 7 MHz; 14 MHz (ZX Evolution)|
|Memory||128 to 512 KB (ATM Turbo 1); 128 to 1024 KB (ATM Turbo 2+); 4MB RAM (ZX Evolution)|
|Storage||Floppy disk, IDE devices (ATM Turbo 2)|
|Removable storage||SD card (ZX Evolution)|
|Display||SECAM TV, EGA monitor, VGA monitor (ZX Evolution)|
|Graphics||256x192, 320x200, 640x200|
|Sound||Beeper (1-bit); AY-3-8910; Covox|
It offers enhanced characteristics, compared to the original Spectrum, such as a Z80 at 7 MHz, 1024 kB RAM, 128 kB ROM, AY-8910 (two chips in upgraded models), 8-bit DAC, 8-bit 8-channel ADC, RS-232, parallel port, Beta Disk Interface, IDE interface, AT/XT keyboard, text mode (80x25, 16 colours, 8x8 pattern), and three new graphics modes.
The ATM can be emulated in Unreal Speccy v0.27 and higher.
ATM was developed in 1991 based on the Pentagon, a ZX Spectrum clone popular in Russia. In 1992 an upgraded model was introduced, named ATM Turbo 2. Up to 1994 the computer was produced by ATM and MicroArt; later the firms separated and production ended.
In 2004 NedoPC from Moscow resumed production. New versions called ATM Turbo 2+ and ZX Evolution were introduced.
For compatibility purposes, the original 256 x 192 ZX Spectrum mode is available.
New graphics modes offer expanded abilities:
- 640 x 200 mode, with 2 out of 16 colors per 8x1 pixels. The Profi offers a similar mode, but the ATM can use the full 16 colour set for both ink and paper.
- 320 x 200 mode with a 16 colours raster mode (a two-pixel chunky mode, not planar like EGA). Two games for this mode were converted directly from PC: Prince of Persia and Goblins, and one from Sony PlayStation: Time Gal. Other games that use this mode exist, like Ball Quest, released in August, 2006.
48K Sinclair BASIC, 128K Sinclair BASIC, TR-DOS, CP/M, iS-DOS, TASiS, DNA OS, Mr Gluk Reset Service.
Many models exist. Models before version 6.00 are called ATM 1, later models are called ATM 2(2+) or ATM Turbo 2(2+) or simply Turbo 2+. A IDE interface is available since v6.00.JIO0UBH9BY8B9T7GVC6R (the latest model is 7.18).
ATM Turbo 1 (1991)Edit
- Processor: Zilog Z80 at 3.5 and 7 MHz (turbo mode)
- RAM: 128 to 512 KB
- ROM: 64 to 128 KB
- Memory manager: standard for ZX Spectrum 128 (memory over 64KB is addressed through a window in the upper 16KB of address space), with the ability to include a zero page of RAM in the lower 16KB of the address space
- Graphics video modes: Standard ZX Spectrum mode (256x192, 2 colors per block of 8x8 pixels from 16 colors); 320x200 with 16 colors per pixel; 640x200 high resolution mode with 2 out of 16 colors per 8x1 pixels
- Color palette: 64 colors, 16 can be used at the same time
- Firmware: 48K BASIC / 128K BASIC; TR-DOS; CP/M 2.2
- Supported external drives: tape recorder (audio cassette); disk drive
- Sound devices: standard 1-bit beeper; AY-3-8910; Covox
- Additional devices: SECAM encoder for connection to a color TV; single-channel DAC; modem; parallel interface for connecting a printer; stereo audio amplifier (2x1W)
- Keyboard: mechanical matrix, standard ZX Spectrum layout (40 keys) or extended (64 keys)
ATM Turbo 2 (1993)Edit
New features (relative to ATM Turbo 1):
- Memory manager: the ability to include any page of RAM or ROM in any of the quarters of the address space
- Text mode: 80x25 text video mode, characters are stored in the character generator ROM. It is possible to set any of 16 colors for the symbol and background
- Hardware vertical scrolling in 320x200 and 640x200 modes
- Supported external drives: controller for IDE devices (hard drives of any capacity, CD-ROM ); Digital PLL added to floppy controller
- Additional devices: eight-channel DAC
- Keyboard: XT keyboard support, on-chip RAM 537RU10
- Removed: SECAM encoder
ATM Turbo 2+Edit
New features (comparing to ATM Turbo 2):
- RAM: 128 to 1024 KB
- Additional devices: RS-232 interface; channel switch for DAC
- Keyboard: support for XT and AT keyboards, based on the 1816BE31 (i8031) microcontroller
- The xBIOS ROM has been specially developed for ATM Turbo 2+ with support for virtual floppies
- ROM version of Mr Gluk Reset Service
- Removed: Modem
New features (comparing to ATM Turbo 2+):
- Turbo mode up to 14 MHz, switchable via menu and software
- RAM: 4MB
- 2 expansion slots according to the ZXBUS standard, for connecting General Sound, etc.
- Flexible architecture based on FPGA (EP1K50) - third-party firmware available
- SD card with transparent BIOS support (EVO RESET SERVICE)
- Added VGA video output
- Non-volatile clock according to Mr Gluk standard, IDE interface according to Nemo standard, mouse according to Kempston Mouse standard
- Video scan rate similar to that of the Pentagon, with full support of border and multicolor effects
- ^ a b c "КОМПЬЮТЕРУ АТМ-ТУРБО 30 ЛЕТ!" [ATM-TURBO COMPUTER IS 30 YEARS OLD!]. invertor.ru (in Russian).
- ^ "КОМПЬЮТЕРУ АТМ-ТУРБО 30 ЛЕТ!" [ATM-TURBO COMPUTER IS 30 YEARS OLD!]. МИКРОАРТ ПРО (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ mkoloberdin (2022-06-11), mkoloberdin/unrealspeccy, retrieved 2022-11-23
- ^ "Официальный сайт группы NedoPC!" [Official website of the NedoPC group!]. nedopc.com (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ "ATM-turbo 1,2(+),3/ZX-Evolution: официальный сайт поддержки" [ATM-turbo 1,2(+),3/ZX-Evolution: official support site]. atmturbo.nedopc.com (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ "Prince of Persia at Spectrum Computing - Sinclair ZX Spectrum games, software and hardware". Spectrum Computing. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ "Goblins at Spectrum Computing - Sinclair ZX Spectrum games, software and hardware". Spectrum Computing. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ "Time Gal at Spectrum Computing - Sinclair ZX Spectrum games, software and hardware". Spectrum Computing. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ "Ball Quest at Spectrum Computing - Sinclair ZX Spectrum games, software and hardware". Spectrum Computing. Retrieved 2022-11-23.
- ^ "Официальный сайт поддержки ATM-turbo 1,2,2+" [Official support site for ATM-Turbo 1,2,2+]. atmturbo.nedopc.com (in Russian).
- ^ "Virtual TR-DOS". vtrd.in (in Russian).
- ^ "ATM-Turbo 1,2(+),3/ZX-Evolution". atmturbo.nedopc.com (in Russian).
- ^ a b "Prince of Persia 1 ATM Turbo". www.popuw.com.
- ^ a b c d ru:ATM Turbo
- ^ "АТМ, ZxEvo, BaseConf". Telegram. Retrieved 2022-11-23.