ASV Codar (from Arabe Standard Voyellé - Codage Arabe[1]) is an Arabic typeface developed by Ahmed Lakhdar Ghazal [ar] .[2][3][4] It was designed as a simplified typeface, with one vowels as their own characters.[4] ASV Codar was first released in two versions: a "pure" version with only 84 characters, and a "total" version with 23 additional characters.[5]

HistoryEdit

Ahmed Lakhdar Ghazal first filed for a patent for his project in France in 1954.[6] He submitted his idea to the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo in 1958, but it was rejected.[7] ASV Codar was first released in two versions: a "pure" version with only 84 characters, and a "total" version with 23 additional characters.[5]

In 1958, when Lakhdar Ghazal's was serving as both general secretary of Morocco's National Commission for UNESCO and head of the Fundamental Education section of the Moroccan Ministry of Education [ar; fr], ASV Codar gained the support of the Moroccan government, which employed it in its first national campaign against illiteracy.[5]

In 1960, the Moroccan government created the Institute for Studies and Research on Arabization at Mohammed V University for the development and modernization of Arabic, with Lakhdar Ghazal as its director.[5] In 1975, an agreement with Morocco's Ministry of Education [ar; fr] and UNESCO provided funding for Lakhdar Ghazal's project.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nemeth, Titus (2017). Arabic type-making in the machine age: the influence of technology on the form of Arabic type, 1908–1993. Leiden; Boston: Brill. pp. 109–129. ISBN 9789004349308. OCLC 993752295.
  2. ^ "ASV Codar® font family | Linotype.com". www.linotype.com. Retrieved 2022-05-06.
  3. ^ Institut d'études et de recherches pour l'arabisation (1981). ASV-CODAR : [Arabe standard voyellé-codage arabe]. Rabat: Institut d'études et de recherches pour l'arabisation.
  4. ^ a b Nemeth, Titus (2017). Arabic type-making in the machine age: the influence of technology on the form of Arabic type, 1908–1993. Leiden; Boston: Brill. pp. 109–129. ISBN 9789004349308. OCLC 993752295.
  5. ^ a b c d e Nemeth, Titus (2017). Arabic type-making in the machine age: the influence of technology on the form of Arabic type, 1908–1993. Leiden; Boston: Brill. pp. 109–129. ISBN 9789004349308. OCLC 993752295.
  6. ^ Nemeth, Titus (2017). Arabic type-making in the machine age: the influence of technology on the form of Arabic type, 1908–1993. Leiden; Boston: Brill. pp. 109–129. ISBN 9789004349308. OCLC 993752295.
  7. ^ Nemeth, Titus (2017). Arabic type-making in the machine age: the influence of technology on the form of Arabic type, 1908–1993. Leiden; Boston: Brill. pp. 109–129. ISBN 9789004349308. OCLC 993752295.