ARCHES Lethbridge

ARCHES is a non-profit organization based in Lethbridge, Alberta, that works to reduce the harm associated with HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C, known for operating the province-funded Lethbridge Supervised Consumption Site from February 2018 until closing in August 2020. ARCHES started in 1986, specifically focused on helping the gay community.[2] Over time, ARCHES became a community-based organization.[2] The SCS it operated was the busiest drug consumption site in North America.[3] It decided to close the site following the withdrawal of government funding after an initial audit found evidence of various misappropriation of funds and lack of accounting for more than a million dollars of its funding.[4] The concerns around unaccounted funds were investigated by Lethbridge Police Service Economics Crimes Unit, which located the missing financial records, resulting in no criminal charges.[5] While criminally not charged, funding to the organization remains withheld as some of their spending did not comply with grant agreement.

ARCHES (AIDS Outreach Community Harm Reduction Education Support Society)
Formation1986
Typenon-profit
Headquarters1016 1 Ave S, Lethbridge, AB
Location
Coordinates49°41′53″N 112°49′54″W / 49.697971°N 112.831537°W / 49.697971; -112.831537
Executive Director
Stacey Bourque
Director of Clinical Services
Lindsay Stella[1]
Websitelethbridgearches.com
Formerly called
Lethbridge HIV Connection

ARCHES is an imperfect acronym which stands for AIDS Reduction Community Harm Education & Support Society.[6]

Allegations of financial improprietyEdit

In March 2019, the Alberta government ordered an audit after allegations of financial irregularities at ARCHES.[7][8] Between October 2017 and February 2020, ARCHES received $14.5 million in grant funding from the province,[8] which comprised 70% of their funding. ARCHES closed SCS on August 30, 2020, following the provincial government revoking funding after an initial audit found “funding misappropriation, non-compliance with grant agreement [and] inappropriate governance and organizational operations.”[9] An audit of Lethbridge ARCHES conducted by accounting firm Deloitte showed the SCS had $1.6 million in unaccounted funds between 2017 and 2018; additionally they had found $342,943 had been expended on senior executive compensation, despite the grant agreement allowing only $80,000. Beyond this, $13,000 in interest income earned on SCS funding was spent on Christmas parties, staff retreats, entertainment and gift cards and numerous other inappropriate expenditures.[7] The provincial government asked the Lethbridge Police Service to investigate whether criminal charges are warranted after the "audit showed gross mismanagement of the funds.".[7] As of December 2020, the Lethbridge Police Service was able to uncover records that accounted for the funding in question.[10]

Lethbridge ARCHES had been receiving funding from the Government of Canada and the City of Lethbridge in addition those provided from the Government of Alberta.[11]

Supervised Consumption Site (SCSs)Edit

Supervised consumption sites are unlike overdose prevention sites (OPS), which are temporary facilities and are primarily used in response to urgent public health needs within a community.[12]

Lethbridge was one of four places in Alberta to have a supervised consumption site, which is Health Canada Criminal Code exempt.[12] The supervised consumption site opened in February 2018[13] and closed in August 2020.[4] This SCS allowed drug users to inject, smoke, snort, or take pills in the facility, making it the first of its kind in North America.[6] Three weeks after its closure, a government agency reported that the city had seen 36% reduction in opioid related calls for emergency medical services.[14]

ARCHES’s main facility, which included the SCS services, averaged 670 visits per day, recently averaging 20,000 visits per month.[12] Bern, Switzerland, which is a similar size to Lethbridge and is considered to have the busiest SCS in Europe, averages about 150 to 200 visits a day.[15]

The structure of who was in charge of SCSs was federally licensed by Health Canada, which ensures policies are followed when in operation, while it is provincially funded.[12]

CTV News highlighted that a government review reported:

Lethbridge SCS site, operated by Arches, "may be facing the most problems in the province," adding concerns were disproportionately higher than concerns expressed at other sites.[16]

Community ConcernsEdit

A local business owner next to ARCHES’ main location said that each morning there were liquor bottles, needles, and condoms along with trash.[17] The business owner installed security cameras on his property, then posted the images to social media. Soon after doing so, he started receiving death threats, which local police investigated. The tension in the community continued over crime in the surrounding area around the site.[1] There was a shared letter that stated that there had been “an increase in drug use and property crime” around the now former SCS facility, but neighbours to the former facility claim that is not true.[18] The neighbouring business had put their building up for sale, but pulled it off the market as customer traffic returned following the SCS closure at the end of August 2020.[19]

ControversyEdit

Lethbridge City Councillor Blaine Hyggen brought forward a resolution to city council that the city direct ARCHES to stop distributing needles outside the site and that needles be used only within the facility; the motion was defeated by a 5-4 final count.[20]

Further readingEdit

Deloitte report of ARCHES Lethbridge Grant Expenditure Review For Alberta Health - July 14, 2020[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Fominoff, Lara (July 5, 2019). "Lethbridge Police investigating death threats against local business owner relating to local SCS Facebook post". Lethbridge News Now.
  2. ^ a b "About Us". Lethbridge Arches. Archived from the original on July 18, 2019.
  3. ^ "A small Alberta city is home to the busiest drug consumption site in North America. We spent 12 hours inside | The Star". thestar.com. 18 August 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  4. ^ a b Labby, Bryan (Aug 31, 2020). "Lethbridge braces for closure of Canada's busiest supervised consumption site". CBC.CA. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Missing ARCHES Funding Accounted For: Lethbridge Police". CTV News. 22 December 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-22.
  6. ^ a b Edwardson, Lucie (Jan 26, 2018). "Lethbridge safe drug consumption site will be a North American 1st, official says". CBC News.
  7. ^ a b c Bourne, Kirby; Therien, Eloise (July 16, 2020). "Government pulls grant funding from Lethbridge safe consumption site citing fund mismanagement". Globalnews.ca. Retrieved 2020-09-26.
  8. ^ a b "UCP pulls funding to Lethbridge supervised consumption site following audit". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  9. ^ "MLA Shannon Phillips and others react to ARCHES losing provincial funding after government-ordered audit". Global News. Retrieved 2020-09-26.
  10. ^ "Police conclude ARCHES investigation; records account for $1.5 million". Lethbridge Herald. Retrieved 2020-12-22.
  11. ^ a b French, Janet (July 16, 2020). "Lethbridge supervised consumption site loses government funding after audit finds $1.6M shortfall". CBC.CA. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d Campbell, Quinn (July 10, 2019). "Debate over supervised consumption sites ramps up across Alberta". Global News.
  13. ^ Campbell, Quinn (Mar 19, 2019). "Lethbridge police officers worried about drug crisis management: survey". Global News.
  14. ^ Labby, Bryan (September 26, 2020). "3 weeks after province ends funding for injection site, unsanctioned space opens in Lethbridge". CBC News.
  15. ^ Kalinowski, Tim (May 16, 2019). "SCS attracts world attention". Lethbridge Herald. Archived from the original on May 20, 2019.
  16. ^ Vogt, Terry (2020-03-05). "Government review says Lethbridge SCS has 'most problems in the province'". Calgary. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  17. ^ Bala, Jasmine (July 5, 2019). "Local business owner raising more concerns about Lethbridge's supervised consumption site". Global News.
  18. ^ Karim, Malika (May 2, 2019). "Letter criticizing Lethbridge's ARCHES location sparks controversy among residents". Global News.
  19. ^ "On International Overdose Awareness Day, the busiest supervised consumption site in North America closes under a cloud of scandal". thestar.com. 2020-08-31. Retrieved 2020-09-29.
  20. ^ Karim, Malika (July 24, 2018). "Needle distribution will continue: Lethbridge City Council defeats resolution". Global News.