The ANBO IV was a reconnaissance aircraft used by the Lithuanian Air Force in World War II, designed by Lithuanian aircraft designer Antanas Gustaitis. The Lithuanian ANBO 41 was far ahead of the most modern foreign reconnaissance aircraft of that time in structural features, and most importantly in speed and in rise time.[1] All ANBO 41 aircraft were likely destroyed during World War II.[2]

Anbo IV
Anbo 41-I.jpg
ANBO 41 replica as found at Kaunas Aerodrome
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Karo Aviacijos Tiekimo Skyrius
Designer Antanas Gustaitis
First flight 14 July 1932
Introduction 1934
Retired 1940 (Lithuania)
1941 (Soviet Union)
Number built 14 ANBO IV, 20 ANBO 41
Developed from ANBO III
External video
video icon Lithuanian Air Force in 1939


The ANBO IV was developed from the ANBO III trainer. The design was supervised by colonel Antanas Gustaitis. The first flight took place on July 14, 1932, and the prototype was powered by a Wasp engine. After successful trials, series production began. Thirteen series-built aircraft were powered by British Bristol Pegasus engines and were manufactured by Lithuanian Aircraft State Factory. It could be armed with two pairs of light machine guns and could carry 200 kg of bombs.[3]

Operational historyEdit

ANBO IVs were introduced into Lithuanian Air Force in 1934 and shortly before that a few aircraft made demonstration flights in a few European countries: Soviet Union, France, United Kingdom and most Scandinavian countries. Between June 25 and July 29, 1934, three aircraft commanded by colonel Gustaitis flew 10,000 km route.

ANBO IV and ANBO 41 aircraft equipped one and two reconnaissance squadrons respectively in Lithuanian Air Force, at the time of the Soviet Occupation of Baltic Republics in the summer of 1940.

A photo exists showing that at least one Anbo IV or Anbo 41 survived this period and was operated by the Luftwaffe during the German occupation.


Three ANBO-41s
Designation of prototype and 13 serial-built aircraft used for night and day reconnaissance.
Second production version with more powerful engine and three-blade wooden propeller. It was then the only aircraft in Europe to employ a wooden three-blade propeller.[citation needed]


  Soviet Union

Specifications (ANBO 41)Edit

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Length: 8.80 m (28 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.20 m (43 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 29.0 m2 (312 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,500 kg (3,310 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,300 kg (5,070 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Pegasus XXIII , 750 kW (1,010 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 360 km/h (220 mph, 190 kn)
  • Range: 800 km (500 mi, 430 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 9,000 m (29,500 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 6.9 m/s (1,360 ft/min)


  • 2 × fixed, forward-firing machine guns
  • 2 × flexible machine guns for observer
  • Up to 200 kg (440 lb) of bombs

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Paskutinįjį Lietuvos karo aviacijos viršininką prisimenant". Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Kur dingo lietuvos tarpukario sparnai? (II)". (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  3. ^ "ANBO-41 - Lietuvos Aviacijos Istorija 1919 - 1940 m." Retrieved 28 November 2017.

External linksEdit