The AM-69 Georges Payre, also known as the Arts & Métiers AM-69 and the ENAM-69/70,[1] was a conventionally laid out low wing monoplane designed and built by French students in the early 1970s. It was intended as a trainer, seating two in tandem.

AM-69 Georges Payre
Role Two seat light homebuilt trainer aircraft
Manufacturer AM (Arts et Métiers ParisTech), Cluny
First flight 6 May 1973
Retired 1975
Number built 1
Developed from Gaucher TRG-662

Design and development edit

Design of the AM-69 began in 1969[2] as the name suggests, when a group of twelve students of the school started from the incomplete design of the Gaucher TRG-662, a tandem seat light aircraft. The AM machine was to be a two-seat training aircraft and the design work occupied the students for some 3,000 hours. Its construction, undertaken by another group of ten students took 4,000 hours, with the AM-69 flying on 6 May 1973.[2] It was named after one of their lecturers.[3]

The prototype AM-69 was an all-wood, low wing cantilever monoplane. Its wings, skinned with birch plywood had a modified Mureau 234 section with a maximum thickness-to-chord ratio of 13.2%, notable for the large area of both upper and lower surfaces which were flat. There was dihedral over the whole wing and a full-span combination of inboard flaps and ailerons.[2]

The Georges Payre was powered by a 67 kW (90 hp) Continental C90 air-cooled flat four engine in the nose of its rectangular section, round decked fuselage. Fuel tanks were in the wings. The occupants sat in tandem under a long, framed canopy with individual, starboard-hinged sections for access. Solo control was from the forward seat, over the wing. The conventional cantilever tail had swept, straight-edged vertical surfaces, with a rudder that extended to the keel and horizontal surfaces mounted at mid-fuselage height forward of the rudder hinge. The control surfaces were horn balanced and there was a large trim tab on the port elevator.[2]

The AM-69's fixed, conventional undercarriage borrowed heavily from other designs. The main legs and wheels, mounted onto the front wing spar, were from a Robin DR.220 and the tailwheel was a modified Stampe SV.4 component.[2]

The ENAM students began the design of an all-metal version, with larger tail surfaces and revised canopy and engine cowling, intending it to be homebuilt from plans[2] but nothing seems to have come of this.

Operational history edit

After its first flight the AM-69 gained its certificate of airworthiness (CoA) in July 1973[2] and was owned by the Centre Recherche Application des Techniques d'Education Populaire et Sport (CRATEPS) at Montceau-les-Mines for two years, after which the CoA lapsed and the aircraft was eventually removed from the Civil Register.[1] The airframe was still in storage there in 1995.[1]

Specifications (prototype) edit

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976/77[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: two
  • Length: 7.90 m (25 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.94 m (29 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 11.20 m2 (120.6 sq ft)
  • Airfoil: Mureaux 234 modified
  • Empty weight: 524 kg (1,155 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 728 kg (1,605 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 84 L (18.5 Imp gal; 22.2 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental C90-14F air-cooled flat four, 67 kW (90 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Ratier, ground adjustable pitch


  • Maximum speed: 195 km/h (121 mph, 105 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 160 km/h (99 mph, 86 kn)
  • Stall speed: 75 km/h (47 mph, 40 kn) flaps down
  • Never exceed speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn)
  • Range: 600 km (370 mi, 320 nmi) with maximum fuel
  • Service ceiling: 3,500 m (11,500 ft) service
  • Rate of climb: 3.0 m/s (590 ft/min) at sea level
  • Take-off distance to 15 m (50 ft): 500 m (1,640 ft)
  • Landing distance from 15 m (50 ft): 380 m (1,250 ft)

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Chillon, Jacques. Fox Papa - Registre des avions Français amateur (2009 ed.). Brive: Ver Luisant. p. 151. ISBN 978-2-355-51066-3.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Taylor, John W R (1976). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976-77. London: Jane's Yearbooks. p. 460. ISBN 0-354-00538-3.
  3. ^ "Travail en bois". Flight. 1 August 1974. p. 117.