A.G.R. v. D.R.H

A.G.R. v. D.R.H & S.H. (also known as Robinson v. Hollingsworth) is a ruling by the Superior Court of New Jersey, Hudson County Vicinage, and is the first precedent regarding gestational surrogacy in New Jersey.[1] The ruling was handed down by Judge Francis Schultz on December 23, 2009.[2][3]

A.G.R. v. D.R.H
Image of the Superior Court building in Trenton
CourtSuperior Court of New Jersey
Full case nameRobinson v. Hollingsworth
DecidedDecember 23, 2009 (2009-12-23)
Case opinions
Decision byJudge Francis Schultz


Donald Robinson and Sean Hollingsworth[2] were married in a civil ceremony in California and moved to New Jersey. They later decided to seek out a surrogate mother in order to have children of their own. In 2005, Robinson's sister, Angela Robinson, after falling on hard times and had moved to New Jersey to be near her brother, agreed to be a surrogate for the couple. Robinson later gave birth to twin girls in 2006.[2] Sean supplied the sperm and an anonymous donor supplied the egg.[2] Before the embryo was implanted, Robinson signed a contract stating she would carry the pregnancy to term and relinquish her parental rights in favor of her brother and Hollingsworth.

However, after the birth, Robinson claimed she was coerced into entering into the agreement and she felt uncomfortable with Robinson-Hollingsworth and Hollingsworth raising the children due to her religious beliefs against homosexuality. In 2007, she sought custody and challenged the agreement in court, arguing that gestational surrogacy contracts are invalid in New Jersey.[2]

Ruling and reactionEdit

Judge Schultz ruled in favor of Angela Robinson, expanding the Baby M precedent beyond a genetically related surrogate mother and declaring gestational surrogacy contracts to be a violation of public policy. As noted by legal scholar Jonathan Turley, this ruling creates a split between those states that honor gestational surrogacy and those that do not.[4]

Attorney Harold Cassidy, who had represented both Robinson here and Mary Beth Whitehead in the Baby M case, praised the ruling and described gestational surrogacy contracts as "the exploitation of women."[1]

Despite finding that Angela Robinson was the legal mother of the twins, a 2011 ruling confirmed that the children's best interests would be served by awarding their father full legal custody - which was also the outcome in Baby M. The twins will continue to reside with Sean and his husband.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Saul, Stephanie (December 30, 2009). "New Jersey judge calls surrogate legal mother of twins". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
  2. ^ a b c d e Geoff Mulvihill Parental rights for surrogates, Jan 1. 2010
  3. ^ NJ judge rules surrogate legal mother of twins despite not being genetically related, New Jersey Star-Ledger, December 31, 2009
  4. ^ Gestational Surrogates Win Custody Rulings in Michigan and New Jersey
  5. ^ Sherman, Ted. "N.J. gay couple fight for custody of twin 5-year-old girls," The Star-Ledger, retrieved from NJ.com, 12/25/2011

External linksEdit