Aşub Sultan

Sâliha Dil-Âşûb[1] Ottoman Turkish: صالحہ دل اشوب سلطان‎; died 3 January 1690) or simply Aşub Sultan[2][a] was a consort of Ottoman Sultan Ibrahim and Valide Sultan to their son Suleiman II.[3]

Aşub Sultan
Suleymaniye Mausoleum Suleyman mausoleum 1230.jpg
The resting place of Saliha Dil-Aşub Valide Sultan is located at the mausoleum of Suleyman the Magnificent inside the Süleymaniye Mosque in Fatih. (In the picture above, her tomb is seen between Mihr-î Mâh Sultan and Hadice Mu'azzez Sultan.)
Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure8 November 1687 – 3 January 1690
PredecessorTurhan Sultan
SuccessorGülnuş Sultan
Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
(Imperial Consort)
Tenure1642 – 12 August 1648
Co-HasekiTurhan
Muazzez
Hümaşah
Ayşe
Mahıenver
Şivekar
Saçbağlı
Died3 January 1690
Edirne Palace, Edirne, Ottoman Empire
Burial
SpouseIbrahim
IssueSuleiman II
Full name
Turkish: Saliha Dilaşub Sultan
Ottoman Turkish: صالحہ دل آشوب سلطان
HouseOttoman (by marriage)
ReligionSunni Islam
The son of Saliha Dil-Aşub Valide Sultan, Suleiman II

LifeEdit

She became the consort of Ibrahim and on 15 April 1642, gave birth to her only son, Şehzade Suleiman (future Suleiman II). During Ibrahim's reign her stipend consisted of 1,300 aspers a day.[4] He also gifted the incomes of Bolu Sanjak to her.[5] She was described as a simple-hearted woman of unruly character.[2] She was deeply loved by Ibrahim, and was his favorite consort although she was not his legal wife.

After the deposition and death of Sultan Ibrahim in 1648, his eldest son, Mehmed IV ascended the throne, after which Aşub settled in the Old Palace. This brought her thirty-nine years of imprisonment in the Old Palace.[6]

She was hoping that the conflict between Mehmed's mother, Turhan Sultan, her mother-in-law, Kösem Sultan would change her fortune in that she would become the Valide Sultan herself. Kösem was planning to kill her daughter-in-law and dethrone her grandson Sultan Mehmed with the help of some high officers in the yeniçeri corps, and to place Şehzade Suleiman, on the throne. However, Meleki Hatun warned Turhan who managed to strangle her mother-in-law with the help of the eunuchs in the Harem in 1651. Aşub herself was spared from execution since she was suspected in plotting against Turhan and her son, the Sultan. [7][8]

In 1672-73, she created an endowment at Istanbul.[9]

In 1687 Mehmed IV was deposed and the throne was overtaken by Suleiman II, the son of Aşub and she became the next Valide sultan.[10] In July 1688, she followed her son to Edirne.[11]

DeathEdit

She died in the Edirne Palace on 3 January 1690, having been ill and bedridden for an year. She was buried in the mausoleum of Suleiman the Magnificent in Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul.[11][6]

IssueEdit

Together with Ibrahim, Aşub had one son:

In popular cultureEdit

In the 2010 Turkish historical film Mahpeyker: Kösem Sultan, Aşub Sultan is portrayed by Turkish actress Gökcan Gökmen.[12]

In the 2015 Turkish historical non-fiction TV series Muhteşem Yüzyıl: Kösem, Aşub Sultan is portrayed by Turkish actress Ece Güzel.[13]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^
    She is either called Aşub Sultan, Aşube, or Saliha Dilaşub.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (Sālehā Dil-Ashûb in Persian means sutable-straight beauty who makes someone's heart love-crazed.)
  2. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 96.
  3. ^ Peirce, Leslie (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. p. 108. ISBN 0-19-508677-5.
  4. ^ Thys-Şenocak, Lucienne (2006). Ottoman Women Builders: The Architectural Patronage of Hadice Turhan Sultan. Ashgate. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-754-63310-5.
  5. ^ Resimli tarih mecmuasi. Iskit Yayinevi. 1956. p. 229.
  6. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 97.
  7. ^ Akalin, Esin (October 11, 2016). Staging the Ottoman Turk: British Drama, 1656Ð1792. Columbia University Press. p. 225. ISBN 978-3-838-26919-1.
  8. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 96-7.
  9. ^ Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library: Registers. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. pp. 116, 214.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 349-50.
  11. ^ a b Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 350.
  12. ^ Mahpeyker - Kösem Sultan (2010), retrieved 2019-10-07
  13. ^ Muhtesem Yüzyil: Kösem (TV Series 2015–2017) Poster Muhtesem Yüzyil: Kösem (2015–2017), retrieved 2019-10-07
  14. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 349.

SourcesEdit

  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Ayşe Sultan
Haseki Sultan
until 12 August 1648
concurrently with Turhan, Hümaşah, Muazzez, Ayşe, Mahenver, Șivekar, and Saçbağlı
Succeeded by
Gülnuş Sultan
Preceded by
Turhan Sultan
Valide Sultan
8 November 1687 – 3 January 1690
Succeeded by
Gülnuş Sultan