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Not to be confused with Aurora borealis.

Aurora (minor planet designation: 94 Aurora) is one of the largest main-belt asteroids. With an albedo of only 0.04, it is darker than soot, and has a primitive compositions consisting of carbonaceous material. It was discovered by J. C. Watson on September 6, 1867, in Ann Arbor, and named after Aurora, the Roman goddess of the dawn.

94 Aurora
94Aurora (Lightcurve Inversion).png
A three-dimensional model of 94 Aurora based on its light curve.
Discovery
Discovered byJames Craig Watson
Discovery date6 September 1867
Designations
MPC designation(94) Aurora
Pronunciation/əˈrɔːrə/
Named after
Aurōra
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc143.72 yr (52494 d)
Aphelion3.45175 AU (516.374 Gm)
Perihelion2.86831 AU (429.093 Gm)
3.16003 AU (472.734 Gm)
Eccentricity0.092315
5.62 yr (2051.8 d)
16.73 km/s
132.718°
0° 10m 31.638s / day
Inclination7.97343°
2.59859°
60.8260°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions204.89±3.6 km (IRAS)[1]
225×173 km[2]
Mass(6.23 ± 3.64) × 1018 kg[3]
Mean density
1.83 ± 1.10[3] g/cm3
Equatorial surface gravity
0.0573 m/s²
Equatorial escape velocity
0.1083 km/s
7.22 h (0.301 d)[1]
0.0395±0.001[1]
0.0395[4]
Temperature~157 K
C[1]
7.57[1]

Observations of an occultation using nine chords indicate an oval outline of 225×173 km.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 94 Aurora" (2008-11-09 last obs). Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Occultation of TYC 6910-01938-1 by (94) Aurora - 2001 October 12". Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand. Retrieved 2008-11-30. (Chords) Archived 2008-10-21 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Carry, B. (December 2012), "Density of asteroids", Planetary and Space Science, 73, pp. 98–118, arXiv:1203.4336, Bibcode:2012P&SS...73...98C, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2012.03.009. See Table 1.
  4. ^ Asteroid Data Sets Archived 2009-12-17 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit