14th Cavalry Brigade (British Indian Army)
|Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade|
3rd (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Mounted Brigade
7th Mounted Brigade
14th Cavalry Brigade
Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade Cap Badge
|Active||1908 – September 1919|
|Branch|| British Army|
British Indian Army
|Part of||2nd Mounted Division|
5th Cavalry Division
|Engagements||First World War|
|Goland Vanhalt Clarke|
In April 1918, it was merged with elements of the 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade to form 14th Cavalry Brigade. It remained in Palestine after the end of the war on occupation duties.
Under the terms of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9), the brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force. It consisted of three yeomanry regiments, a horse artillery battery and ammunition column, a transport and supply column and a field ambulance.
First World WarEdit
Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted BrigadeEdit
The brigade was embodied on 4 August 1914 upon the outbreak of the First World War. Initially, it concentrated in Berkshire and on 5 August 1914 joined the 1st Mounted Division. On 2 September it was transferred to the 2nd Mounted Division and in mid November 1914 it moved with its division to Norfolk on coastal defence duties.
In April 1915, the 2nd Mounted Division moved to Egypt arriving at Alexandria between 19 and 21 April and was posted to Cairo by the middle of May. In May 1915, the brigade was designated 3rd (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire) Mounted Brigade.
It was dismounted in August 1915 and took part in the Gallipoli Campaign. Each regiment left a squadron headquarters and two troops (about 100 officers and men) in Egypt to look after the horses.
The brigade landed at Suvla Bay on the night of 17/18 August and moved into reserve positions at Lala Baba on the night of 20 August. On 21 August it advanced to Chocolate Hill under heavy fire and took part on the right flank of the attack on Hill 112.
Due to losses during the Battle of Scimitar Hill and wastage during August 1915, the 2nd Mounted Division had to be reorganised. On 4 September 1915, the 2nd Composite Mounted Brigade was formed from the 3rd (Notts and Derby) and 4th (London) Mounted Brigades. The brigade formed a battalion sized unit 3rd Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment. The brigade embarked for Mudros on 2 November and returned to Egypt in December 1915 where it was reformed and remounted.
7th Mounted BrigadeEdit
7th Mounted Brigade
The brigade left the 2nd Mounted Division on 18 and 19 January 1916. In February 1916 the brigade was sent to take part in the Salonika Campaign. On 31 March 1916, the remaining Mounted Brigades were numbered in a single sequence. As a consequence, the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade was redesignated as 7th Mounted Brigade.
The brigade arrived back in Egypt from Salonika on 29 June 1917, less the Derbyshire Yeomanry which remained in Macedonia as GHQ Troops with the British Salonika Army. 20th Machine Gun Squadron then was formed on 4 July 1917 at Ismailia from the machine gun sections of the two regiments. The brigade served variously as Corps Troops with the Desert Mounted Corps and XXI Corps and on attachment to the Yeomanry Mounted Division. Essex Battery, RHA joined from 52nd (Lowland) Division on 17 September 1917 and was still assigned to the brigade when it joined the new 2nd Mounted Division.
14th Cavalry BrigadeEdit
14th Cavalry Brigade
In March 1918, the 2nd Indian Cavalry Division was broken up in France. The Canadian (Canadian Cavalry Brigade) and British units (notably 7th Dragoon Guards, 8th Hussars and N and X Batteries RHA) remained in France and the Indian elements were sent to Egypt.
By an Egyptian Expeditionary Force GHQ Order of 12 April 1918, the mounted troops of the EEF were reorganised when the Indian Army units arrived in theatre. On 24 April 1918, the 2nd Mounted Division[a] was formed on the Indian Establishment[b] and the 7th Mounted Brigade was assigned to it.
- the Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry remained with the brigade
- the South Nottinghamshire Hussars left the brigade and was merged with the Warwickshire Yeomanry (of 5th Mounted Brigade) to form B Battalion, Machine Gun Corps. It was posted to France, arriving in June
- 20th Deccan Horse joined from 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade
- 34th Prince Albert Victor's Own Poona Horse joined from 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade
- 20th Machine Gun Squadron remained with the brigade
- 7th Mounted Brigade Signal Troop remained with the brigade
- in April, 7th Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance merged with Secunderabad Cavalry Field Ambulance to form 7th Combined Cavalry Field Ambulance
- in April, 7th Mounted Brigade Mobile Veterinary Section merged with Secunderabad Mobile Veterinary Section to form 7th Cavalry Mobile Veterinary Section
On 22 July 1918, the 2nd Mounted Division was renumbered as the 5th Cavalry Division and the brigade as 14th Cavalry Brigade. The sub units (Signal Troop, Combined Cavalry Field Ambulance and Mobile Veterinary Section) were renumbered on the same date.
After the Armistice of Mudros, the brigade remained with 5th Cavalry Division in Palestine as part of the occupation forces. However, demobilization began immediately and the brigade was broken up in September 1919.
|1 April 1912||Colonel||P.A. Kenna, VC, DSO|
|5 August 1914||Brigadier-General|
|20 August 1915||Colonel||E.H. Cole (acting, wounded 21 August)|
|21 August 1915||Major||F. Fitz H. Lance (acting)|
|24 August 1915||Brigadier-General||P.A. Kenna, VC, DSO (wounded 28 August, died of wounds 30 August)|
|29 August 1915||Major||F. Fitz H. Lance (acting)|
|1 September 1915||Brigadier-General||F. Fitz H. Lance (until 4 September 1915)[c]|
|1 December 1915||Brigadier-General||F. Fitz H. Lance|
|July 1917||Brigadier-General||J.T. Wigan, CMG, DSO|
|6 December 1917||Brigadier-General||G.V. Clarke, DSO|
- 2/1st Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Mounted Brigade for the 2nd Line formation
- British yeomanry during the First World War
- Not to be confused with the original 2nd Mounted Division that fought dismounted at Gallipoli.
- British Indian Army standard whereby brigades only retained one British regiment or battalion and most support units were Indian (artillery excepted).
- Brigade was absorbed in 2nd Composite Mounted Brigade 4 September to 1 December 1915.
- Westlake 1992, p. 15
- Conrad, Mark (1996). "The British Army, 1914". Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Rinaldi 2008, p. 59
- Rinaldi 2008, p. 36
- Westlake 1996, pp. 252,272–274
- Becke 1936, p. 16
- Becke 1936, p. 14
- James 1978, p. 35
- James 1978, p. 34
- Becke 1936, p. 17
- Becke 1936, p. 13
- James 1978, p. 36
- Becke 1936, p. 33
- James 1978, p. 17
- Unknown 1920
- Perry 1993, p. 27
- Perry 1993, p. 26
- Perry 1993, p. 20
- Perry 1993, p. 28
- James 1978, p. 26
- James 1978, p. 29
- Becke 1936, pp. 10,11
- Perry 1993, p. 25
- Davies & Maddocks 1995, pp. 203–204
- "Commanders of the Desert Mounted Corps". NZMR Association. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- Becke, Major A.F. (1936). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2A. The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42–56). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-12-4.
- Davies, Frank; Maddocks, Graham (1995). Bloody Red Tabs. Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-463-6.
- James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2.
- Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X.
- Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0.
- Unknown (1920). Through Palestine with the 20th Machine Gun Squadron. London: J.M. Baxter & Co. (Printed and Published for private circulation).
- Westlake, Ray (1992). British Territorial Units 1914–18. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-168-7.
- Westlake, Ray (1996). British Regiments at Gallipoli. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-511-X.