43°06′14″N 40°34′44″E / 43.104°N 40.579°E / 43.104; 40.579

7th Military Base
7-я российская военная база
Base emblem
Active1 February 2009–Present
Country Soviet Union
Branch Russian Armed Forces
TypeTask force/Military base
Size4,500 soldiers[1][2]
Part of49th Combined Arms Army
PatronKuban Cossack army
March"Krasnodar Red Banner"
Colonel Oleg Senkov
Sleeve insignia

The 7th Military Base (Georgian: რუსეთის მე-7 სამხედრო ბაზა; Russian: 7-я российская военная база) is a sizable overseas military base of the Russian Armed Forces stationed in Bombora in the partially recognized Republic of Abkhazia. The base is subordinate to the command of the 49th Combined Arms Army and the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces.

History Edit

President Dmitry Medvedev addressing troops at the base, 8 August 2010.
Independence Day celebrations at the 7th Military Base in 2017.

The base originated from the 131st Separate Motor Rifle Brigade, which was a unit of the Soviet Army and of the Russian Ground Forces. Following the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, it was decided that a permanent Russian military base was needed.[3] On 1 February 2009, the brigade was reorganized and the 7th Krasnodar Red Banner Order of Kutuzov and Red Star Military Base was established. On 17 February, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Abkhazian leader Sergey Bagapsh signed an agreement on a unified Russian military base on the territory of Abkhazia.[4][5]

In accordance with the Russian-Abkhaz agreement, the united military base included former peacekeeping facilities" the Bamboura Airport located in the Gudauta area, a military training ground and part of the sea bay near Ochamchire, joint Russian-Abkhaz military garrisons deployed in the Kodori Valley and near the Enguri Dam. In addition, military-administrative and medical facilities (sanatoriums and rest homes) for the base were to be located in Sukhumi, Gagra, Gudauta, New Athos, Eshera and other settlements of in the region.[6][7] The period of operation of the base is 49 years, with the possibility of automatic renewal for subsequent 15-year periods. For combat training, the military training grounds in Gudauta as well as Molkin in the Krasnodar Territory are utilized.[8] In 2015, preparatory work began on the construction and arrangement of social and military infrastructure facilities at the military base.[9] Since 2016, the tank and motorized rifle units of the base have utilized the honorary title of "percussion".[10]

100th anniversary Edit

Base military personnel, unit veterans and the Abkhazian political leadership at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Sukhumi.

In July 2018, the unit celebrated the centennial of its lineage. The anniversary celebrations were attended by the leadership of the Southern Military District, the 49th Combined Arms Army, and the leadership Abkhazian Armed Forces. In the case of the latter, President Raul Khajimba was in attendance. At the invitation of Colonel Commander Igor Egorov, veterans of the unit arrived from Maykop, Krasnodar and other cities. The commander was awarded the highest award of the state; "Glory of Adygea".[11][12]

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Edit

In March 2022, elements of the 7th Military Base were redeployed to join the Russian invasion of Ukraine. According to the General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, they were organized into two battalion tactical groups, with a total number of 800 servicemen.[13] On 31 March 2022, the Ukrainian military reported it had inflicted losses on the troops of the 7th Military Base at an unidentified location on the Eastern front.[14]

Commanders Edit

  • Colonel Sergey Chebotaryov (2007–2009)[15]
  • Major General Yakov Rezantsev (2011–2013)
  • Major General Mikhail Kosobokov (2015–2017)[16]
  • Colonel Igor Yegorov (2017–2019)
  • Colonel Oleg Senkov (2019–Present)

Composition Edit

Military vehicles at the base.
The band of the base.
  • 526th Separate Motor Rifle Battalion (Military Unit No.03768)
  • 527th Separate Motor Rifle Battalion (Military Unit No.03769)
  • 529th Separate Motor Rifle Battalion (Military Unit No.03841)
  • 558th Separate Motor Rifle Battalion (Military Unit No.03833)
  • 9th Separate Tank Battalion (Military Unit No.03842)
  • S-400 and S-300 surface-to-air missile elements reported[17]
  • Other lighter support units

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov (ed.). The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3.
  2. ^ Военная база в Абхазии будет достроена к концу года
  3. ^ О признании независимости Южной Осетии и Абхазии
  4. ^ Абхазский плацдарм. Отныне ЧФ будет более рассредоточен, а значит, менее уязвим
  5. ^ "Независимость Абхазии укрепили войсками и пожарными машинами". Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  6. ^ Сухуми сурово встретил делегацию из России
  7. ^ Ему придется говорить «нет»
  8. ^ Более 2 тыс. военнослужащих российской военной базы в Абхазии выполнят боевые стрельбы в составе подразделений : Министерство обороны Российской Федерации
  9. ^ В Абхазии прошли переговоры о передаче военных санаториев на баланс оборонного ведомства с участием заместителей Министра обороны генерала армии Дмитрия Булгакова и Руслана Ца…
  10. ^ Подразделения российской военной базы в Абхазии подтвердили почётное наименование «ударных»
  11. ^ 100 -лет со дня образования 7 Краснодарской Краснознаменной орденов Кутузова и Красной Звезды военной базы
  12. ^ "В российской военной базе ЮВО в Абхазии отметили 100-летний юбилей со дня образования соединения : Министерство обороны Российской Федерации".
  13. ^ "Russia redeploys troops from occupied territories of Georgia to Ukraine". Ukrinform. 30 March 2022. Retrieved 30 March 2022.
  14. ^ "В Україні ліквідували російських окупантів з бази в Абхазії" (in Ukrainian). ГО «Український мілітарний центр». 31 March 2022. Retrieved 3 April 2022.
  15. ^ Бригада из Майкопа
  16. ^ 45-летний генерал возглавил армию
  17. ^ "Contact Support".