55th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)
This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
55th Infantry Brigade
18th Division insignia, World War I.
|Part of||18th (Eastern) Division|
18th Infantry Division
|Engagements||World War I|
World War II
First World WarEdit
The brigade was originally raised in 1914, as the 55th Brigade, in the First World War as part of Kitchener's New Armies and joined the 18th (Eastern) Division, serving with it throughout the war mainly on the Western Front from 1915 to 1918.
First World War order of battleEdit
- 7th (Service) Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)
- 7th (Service) Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
- 8th (Service) Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
- 7th (Service) Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) (left February 1918)
- 55th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps (formed 13 February 1916, moved to 18th Battalion, Machine Gun Corps 16 February 1918)
- 55th Trench Mortar Battery (formed 17 June 1916)
Second World WarEdit
The brigade was disbanded after the war in 1919. However, it was reformed as the 55th Infantry Brigade in 1939 in the Territorial Army shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War and joined the 18th Infantry Division. It remained in the United Kingdom on home defence and training duties, preparing for a possible German invasion which, fortunately, never arrived. The 55th Infantry Brigade, along with the rest of the 18th Division, was sent to Singapore in 1942 where it surrendered to the Imperial Japanese Army in the short but violent Battle of Singapore. The men of the brigade would spend the next three years as Japanese prisoners in harsh and degrading imprisonment.
Second World War order of battleEdit
- 1st Battalion, Cambridgeshire Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, Cambridgeshire Regiment (to 30 October 1939)
- 5th Battalion, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment
- 1/5th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (from 8 July 1940)
- 55th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company (formed 9 October, disbanded 14 December 1940)
- Brig. W.M. Ozanne
- Brig. T.H. Massey-Beresford
- "18th (Eastern) Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Bellis, Malcolm A. (1994). Regiments of the British Army 1939–1945 (Armour & Infantry). London: Military Press International. ISBN 0-85420-999-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Bellis, Malcolm A. (1995). Regiments of the British Army 1939–1945 (Artillery). London: Military Press International. ISBN 0-85420-110-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (1990) [1st. Pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle, Second World War, 1939–1945. London: London Stamp Exchange. ISBN 0-948130-03-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Westlake, Ray (1986). The Territorial Battalions, A Pictorial History, 1859–1985. Tunbridge Wells: Spellmount.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "55 Infantry Brigade". Orders of Battle.com.
|This article about a specific British military unit is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|